Abstract Pre-eclampsia is a serious disorder of human pregnancy, characterized by decreased utero-placental perfusion and increased trophoblast cell death. Presently, the mechanisms regulating trophoblast cell death in pre-eclampsia are not fully elucidated. Herein, we have identified a novel Mtd/Bok splice isoform (Mtd-P) resulting from exon-II skipping. Mtd-P expression was unique to early-onset severe pre-eclamptic placentae as assessed by quantitative real-time-PCR and immunoblotting. Mtd-P overexpression in cell lines (BeWo: cytotrophoblast-derived; and CHO: ovary-derived) resulted in increased apoptotic cell death as assessed by caspase-3 cleavage, internucleosomal DNA laddering and mitochondrial depolarization. Moreover, Mtd-P expression increased under conditions of low oxygenation/oxidative stress in human villous explants. Antisense knockdown of Mtd under conditions of oxidative stress resulted in decreased caspase-3 cleavage. We conclude that under conditions of reduced oxygenation/oxidative stress, Mtd-P causes trophoblast cell death in pre-eclampsia and hence may contribute to the molecular events leading to the clinical manifestations of this disease.

Soleymanlou, N., Wu, Y., Wang, J.x., Todros, T., Ietta, F., Jurisicova, A., et al. (2005). A novel Mtd splice isoform is responsible for trophoblast cell death in pre-eclampsia. CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION, 12(5), 441-452.

A novel Mtd splice isoform is responsible for trophoblast cell death in pre-eclampsia.

IETTA, FRANCESCA;
2005

Abstract

Abstract Pre-eclampsia is a serious disorder of human pregnancy, characterized by decreased utero-placental perfusion and increased trophoblast cell death. Presently, the mechanisms regulating trophoblast cell death in pre-eclampsia are not fully elucidated. Herein, we have identified a novel Mtd/Bok splice isoform (Mtd-P) resulting from exon-II skipping. Mtd-P expression was unique to early-onset severe pre-eclamptic placentae as assessed by quantitative real-time-PCR and immunoblotting. Mtd-P overexpression in cell lines (BeWo: cytotrophoblast-derived; and CHO: ovary-derived) resulted in increased apoptotic cell death as assessed by caspase-3 cleavage, internucleosomal DNA laddering and mitochondrial depolarization. Moreover, Mtd-P expression increased under conditions of low oxygenation/oxidative stress in human villous explants. Antisense knockdown of Mtd under conditions of oxidative stress resulted in decreased caspase-3 cleavage. We conclude that under conditions of reduced oxygenation/oxidative stress, Mtd-P causes trophoblast cell death in pre-eclampsia and hence may contribute to the molecular events leading to the clinical manifestations of this disease.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/20511
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