Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic fibrosis has been considered to be linked to oxidative stress and mediated by aldehydic lipid peroxidation products. In the present study, we investigated whether collagen synthesis is induced by F-2-isoprostanes, the most proximal products of lipid peroxidation and known mediators of important biological effects. By contrast with aldehydes, F-2-isoprostanes act through receptors able to elicit definite signal transduction pathways. In a rat model of CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis, plasma F-2-isoprostanes were markedly elevated for the entire experimental period; hepatic collagen content also increased. When hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) from normal liver were cultured with F-2-isoprostanes in the concentration range found in the in vivo studies (10(-9) - 10(-8) M), a striking increase in DNA synthesis ( reversed by the thromboxane A(2) antagonist SQ 29 548), in cell proliferation and in collagen synthesis was observed. Total collagen content was similarly increased. Moreover, F-2-isoprostanes markedly increased the production of transforming growth factor-beta 1 by U937 cells, considered a model of liver macrophages. The data provide evidence for the possibility that F-2-isoprostanes generated by lipid peroxidation in hepatocytes mediate HSC proliferation and collagen production seen in hepatic fibrosis.

Comporti, M., Arezzini, B., Signorini, C., Sgherri, C., Monaco, B., Gardi, C. (2005). F(2)-isoprostanes stimulate collagen synthesis in activated hepatic stellate cells: a link with liver fibrosis?. LABORATORY INVESTIGATION, 85(11), 1381-1391 [10.1038/labinvest.3700332].

F(2)-isoprostanes stimulate collagen synthesis in activated hepatic stellate cells: a link with liver fibrosis?

COMPORTI, M.;AREZZINI, B.;SIGNORINI, C.;SGHERRI, C.;MONACO, B.;GARDI, C.
2005-01-01

Abstract

Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic fibrosis has been considered to be linked to oxidative stress and mediated by aldehydic lipid peroxidation products. In the present study, we investigated whether collagen synthesis is induced by F-2-isoprostanes, the most proximal products of lipid peroxidation and known mediators of important biological effects. By contrast with aldehydes, F-2-isoprostanes act through receptors able to elicit definite signal transduction pathways. In a rat model of CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis, plasma F-2-isoprostanes were markedly elevated for the entire experimental period; hepatic collagen content also increased. When hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) from normal liver were cultured with F-2-isoprostanes in the concentration range found in the in vivo studies (10(-9) - 10(-8) M), a striking increase in DNA synthesis ( reversed by the thromboxane A(2) antagonist SQ 29 548), in cell proliferation and in collagen synthesis was observed. Total collagen content was similarly increased. Moreover, F-2-isoprostanes markedly increased the production of transforming growth factor-beta 1 by U937 cells, considered a model of liver macrophages. The data provide evidence for the possibility that F-2-isoprostanes generated by lipid peroxidation in hepatocytes mediate HSC proliferation and collagen production seen in hepatic fibrosis.
Comporti, M., Arezzini, B., Signorini, C., Sgherri, C., Monaco, B., Gardi, C. (2005). F(2)-isoprostanes stimulate collagen synthesis in activated hepatic stellate cells: a link with liver fibrosis?. LABORATORY INVESTIGATION, 85(11), 1381-1391 [10.1038/labinvest.3700332].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/20300
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