The effect of nifedipine-an antagonist of L-type calcium (Ca(2+)) channels-on capacitative Ca(2+) entry (CCE) was studied in Jurkat T lymphocytes. CCE was induced by a variety of treatments each of which depleted intracellular Call stores. Cells were treated with thapsigargin, ionomycin, anti-CD3 antibodies, and phyto-haemagglutinin, or pre-incubated in a Ca(2+)-free medium. Activity of CCE was evaluated with a Ca(2+)-free/Ca(2+)-readmission protocol, in Fluo-3 pre-loaded cells. Nifedipine inhibited CCE in a dose-dependent manner. CCE inhibition was not due to non-specific effects on K(+) channels. Nifedipine, did not induce any membrane depolarization, as revealed by measurements of the plasma membrane potential with the fluorescent probe bis-oxonol. Moreover, experiments done under depolarizing conditions (i.e. by substituting Na(+) with K(+) ions in the medium) revealed that nifedipine could inhibit capacitative Ca(2+) entry independently of plasma membrane depolarization. We also demonstrated the presence in our Jurkat T-cells of transcripts for Ca(V)1.3 (alpha(1D)) and Ca(V)1.4 (alpha(1F)) L-type Ca(2+) channels. Verapamil and diltiazem, two unrelated blockers of L-type Ca(2+) channels, were less inhibitory on CCE. Possible mechanisms by which nifedipine interferes with Ca(2+) entry in these cells are discussed.
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|Titolo:||Effect of nifedipine on capacitive calcium entry in Jurkat T lymphocytes|
|Citazione:||Colucci, A., Giunti, R., Senesi, S., Bygrave, F.l., Benedetti, A., & Gamberucci, A. (2009). Effect of nifedipine on capacitive calcium entry in Jurkat T lymphocytes. ARCHIVES OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOPHYSICS, 481(1), 80-85.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|