BACKGROUND: Oxidized-LDL (ox-LDL) are involved in atherothrombosis by induction of endothelial dysfunction and thrombosis. The specific receptor lectin-like oxidized-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) is expressed in endothelial cells, monocytes and platelets. LOX-1 gene allelic variants (3'UTR/T) have been related with cardiovascular events and reduced anti-platelet activity induced by statins. OBJECTIVES: To detect whether LOX-1 polymorphisms could affect statins effectiveness in cardiovascular prevention. PATIENTS/METHODS: The present was a retrospective study performed in 751 white hypercholesterolemic subjects treated with increasing doses of atorvastatin (n=382, 247 male, 135 female) or simvastatin (n=369, 244 male, 125 female) up to 4 years, whose LDL target was 3.36 mmol/L according to the National Cholesterol Education Program, Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATPIII). Single nucleotide polymorphism were evaluated by allelic discrimination assays (PCR), lipid profile by enzymatic-colorimetric methods and C-reactive protein (CRP) by a nephelometric technique. RESULTS: Twenty-three non-ST elevation (NSTEMI) and eleven ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) were encountered in the observational period without differences between treatments (p=0.175) and sex (p=0.139). Each symptomatic subject (10 reaching the appropriate LDL target and 24 with still undesirable LDL) had the 3'UTR/T allelic variant (adjusted O.R. 4.63, 95% C.I. 3.46-6.70, p<0.0001). Among patients not reaching LDL target the C allele resulted protective with respect to T carriers (p<0.00001). Also, similar changes of CRP resulted in different event rate between T and C carriers (p<0.001) in the whole cohort. CONCLUSIONS: In the studied population LOX-1 genetic variants influence cardiovascular risk reduction induced by statins also in patients not reaching the LDL target. The previously described LOX-1-related antithrombotic actions of both statins employed could have a specific role in what observed, suggesting a genetic influence in statins LDL-lowering partially related actions

Puccetti, L., Pasqui, A.L., Bruni, F., Pastorelli, M., Ciani, F., Palazzuoli, A., et al. (2007). Lectin-like oxidized-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) polymorphisms influence cardiovascular events rate during statin treatment. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 119(1), 41-47 [10.1016/j.ijcard.2006.07.045].

Lectin-like oxidized-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) polymorphisms influence cardiovascular events rate during statin treatment

PUCCETTI, LUCA;PASQUI, ANNA LAURA;BRUNI, FULVIO;PASTORELLI, MARCELLO;AUTERI, ALBERTO
2007-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Oxidized-LDL (ox-LDL) are involved in atherothrombosis by induction of endothelial dysfunction and thrombosis. The specific receptor lectin-like oxidized-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) is expressed in endothelial cells, monocytes and platelets. LOX-1 gene allelic variants (3'UTR/T) have been related with cardiovascular events and reduced anti-platelet activity induced by statins. OBJECTIVES: To detect whether LOX-1 polymorphisms could affect statins effectiveness in cardiovascular prevention. PATIENTS/METHODS: The present was a retrospective study performed in 751 white hypercholesterolemic subjects treated with increasing doses of atorvastatin (n=382, 247 male, 135 female) or simvastatin (n=369, 244 male, 125 female) up to 4 years, whose LDL target was 3.36 mmol/L according to the National Cholesterol Education Program, Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATPIII). Single nucleotide polymorphism were evaluated by allelic discrimination assays (PCR), lipid profile by enzymatic-colorimetric methods and C-reactive protein (CRP) by a nephelometric technique. RESULTS: Twenty-three non-ST elevation (NSTEMI) and eleven ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) were encountered in the observational period without differences between treatments (p=0.175) and sex (p=0.139). Each symptomatic subject (10 reaching the appropriate LDL target and 24 with still undesirable LDL) had the 3'UTR/T allelic variant (adjusted O.R. 4.63, 95% C.I. 3.46-6.70, p<0.0001). Among patients not reaching LDL target the C allele resulted protective with respect to T carriers (p<0.00001). Also, similar changes of CRP resulted in different event rate between T and C carriers (p<0.001) in the whole cohort. CONCLUSIONS: In the studied population LOX-1 genetic variants influence cardiovascular risk reduction induced by statins also in patients not reaching the LDL target. The previously described LOX-1-related antithrombotic actions of both statins employed could have a specific role in what observed, suggesting a genetic influence in statins LDL-lowering partially related actions
Puccetti, L., Pasqui, A.L., Bruni, F., Pastorelli, M., Ciani, F., Palazzuoli, A., et al. (2007). Lectin-like oxidized-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) polymorphisms influence cardiovascular events rate during statin treatment. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 119(1), 41-47 [10.1016/j.ijcard.2006.07.045].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/19823
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