Influenza is controlled by protective titres of neutralizing antibodies, induced with the help of CD4 T-cells, and by antiviral T-cell effector function. Adjuvants are essential for the efficient vaccination of a naïve population against avian influenza. We evaluated a range of adjuvants for their ability to enhance, in naïve mice, protective hemagglutination inhibition (HI) titres, which represent the generally accepted correlate of protection, virus-neutralizing titres and T-cell responses to a new generation influenza vaccine produced in cell culture. The selected adjuvants include alum, calcium phosphate (CAP), MF59, the delivery system poly-(lactide co-glycolide) (PLG) and the immune potentiator CpG. MF59 was clearly the most potent single adjuvant and induced significantly enhanced, long-lasting HI and neutralizing titres and T-cell responses in comparison to all alternatives. The combination of alum, MF59, CAP or PLG with CpG generally induced slightly more potent titres. The addition of CpG to MF59 also induced a more potent Th1 cellular immune response, represented by higher IgG2a titres and the induction of a strongly enhanced IFN-gamma response in splenocytes from immunized mice. These observations have significant implications for the development of new and improved flu vaccines against pandemic and inter-pandemic influenza virus strains. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Wack, A., Baudner, B.C., Hilbert, A.K., Manini, I., Nuti, S., Tavarini, S., et al. (2008). Combination adjuvants for the induction of potent, long-lasting antibody and T-cell responses to influenza vaccine in mice. VACCINE, 26(4), 552-561 [10.1016/j.vaccine.2007.11.054].

Combination adjuvants for the induction of potent, long-lasting antibody and T-cell responses to influenza vaccine in mice

MANINI, I.;MONTOMOLI, E.;RAPPUOLI, R.;
2008-01-01

Abstract

Influenza is controlled by protective titres of neutralizing antibodies, induced with the help of CD4 T-cells, and by antiviral T-cell effector function. Adjuvants are essential for the efficient vaccination of a naïve population against avian influenza. We evaluated a range of adjuvants for their ability to enhance, in naïve mice, protective hemagglutination inhibition (HI) titres, which represent the generally accepted correlate of protection, virus-neutralizing titres and T-cell responses to a new generation influenza vaccine produced in cell culture. The selected adjuvants include alum, calcium phosphate (CAP), MF59, the delivery system poly-(lactide co-glycolide) (PLG) and the immune potentiator CpG. MF59 was clearly the most potent single adjuvant and induced significantly enhanced, long-lasting HI and neutralizing titres and T-cell responses in comparison to all alternatives. The combination of alum, MF59, CAP or PLG with CpG generally induced slightly more potent titres. The addition of CpG to MF59 also induced a more potent Th1 cellular immune response, represented by higher IgG2a titres and the induction of a strongly enhanced IFN-gamma response in splenocytes from immunized mice. These observations have significant implications for the development of new and improved flu vaccines against pandemic and inter-pandemic influenza virus strains. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Wack, A., Baudner, B.C., Hilbert, A.K., Manini, I., Nuti, S., Tavarini, S., et al. (2008). Combination adjuvants for the induction of potent, long-lasting antibody and T-cell responses to influenza vaccine in mice. VACCINE, 26(4), 552-561 [10.1016/j.vaccine.2007.11.054].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/19403
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