This paper presents an unsupervised method capable to provide estimates of temporal coherence starting from a pair of multilook detected synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images of the same scene. The method relies on robust measurements of the temporal correlation of speckle patterns between the two pass dates. To this end, a nonlinear transformation aimed at decorre- lating the data across time while retaining the multiplicative noise model is defined as the pixel geometric mean and ratio of the two overlapped images. The temporal correlation coefficient (TCC) of speckle is analytically derived from the noise variances, measured in the transformed pair of images as regression coefficients of local standard deviation to local mean, calculated on homogeneous, i.e., nontextured, pixels. Such pixels are identified based on the observation that homogeneous areas produce clustered scatter-points that are aligned along the regression line. Experiments were carried out on two pairs of multitemporal SAR observations, from the European Remote Sensing 1/2 (ERS-1/2) tandem mission and from the 1994 SIR-C mission. A good fit with the true coherence values was found, irrespective of the presence of textures; when the true coherence was unavailable, the estimated coherence results match the available ground truth data.
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|Titolo:||Coherence Estimation from Multilook Incoherent SAR Imagery|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|