Objective: To determine the biocompatibility of a peritoneal dialysis (PD) solution containing amino acids compared to PD solutions containing glucose, Design: The biocompatibility of three dialysis solutions containing 1.1% amino acids, 1.36% glucose, and 3.86% glucose, respectively, was evaluated in vivo in rabbits. Methods: After 60 days of PD, peritoneal histological changes in rabbits were investigated by light and transmission electron microscopy. The parameters investigated were: (1) mesothelial damage; (2) submesothelial edema; (3) submesothelial cell infiltration; (4) submesothelial fibrosis; and (5) vascular alterations. Semiquantitative evaluations were performed for all the above alterations; quantitative morphometric evaluation was performed for mesothelial damage (cubic transformation of the mesothelium, areas devoid of mesothelium, submesothelial edema) and thickness of peritoneal arteriole walls. Results: (1) Mesothelial damage was practically nonexistent in rabbits dialyzed with the solution containing amino acids, and intermediate and severe with low-glucose and high-glucose solutions, respectively. Both controls and rabbits dialyzed with amino acid solution showed flat continuous mesothelium; rabbits dialyzed with low-glucose solution showed cubic continuous mesothelium; and rabbits dialyzed with high-glucose solution showed cubic discontinuous mesothelium. Cytopathic mesothelial effects were slight with the solution containing amino acids and severe with both the low- and high-glucose solutions. Duplication and thickening of mesothelial basement membrane were never observed. (2) Submesothelial edema showed a worsening trend from controls to rabbits dialyzed with solution containing amino acids, low glucose, and high glucose. (3) No difference in submesothelial infiltration was found between groups. ( 4) Submesothelial fibrosis was never observed. (5) Vascular alterations were never observed. Conclusion: These results are evidence that PD solution with amino acids is more biocompatible than high- and also low-glucose solutions.

Garosi, G., Gaggiotti, E., Monaci, G., Brardi, S., Dipaolo, N. (1998). Biocompatibility of a peritoneal dialysis solution with amino acids: Histological evaluation in the rabbit. PERITONEAL DIALYSIS INTERNATIONAL, 18(6), 610-619.

Biocompatibility of a peritoneal dialysis solution with amino acids: Histological evaluation in the rabbit

Garosi G;
1998

Abstract

Objective: To determine the biocompatibility of a peritoneal dialysis (PD) solution containing amino acids compared to PD solutions containing glucose, Design: The biocompatibility of three dialysis solutions containing 1.1% amino acids, 1.36% glucose, and 3.86% glucose, respectively, was evaluated in vivo in rabbits. Methods: After 60 days of PD, peritoneal histological changes in rabbits were investigated by light and transmission electron microscopy. The parameters investigated were: (1) mesothelial damage; (2) submesothelial edema; (3) submesothelial cell infiltration; (4) submesothelial fibrosis; and (5) vascular alterations. Semiquantitative evaluations were performed for all the above alterations; quantitative morphometric evaluation was performed for mesothelial damage (cubic transformation of the mesothelium, areas devoid of mesothelium, submesothelial edema) and thickness of peritoneal arteriole walls. Results: (1) Mesothelial damage was practically nonexistent in rabbits dialyzed with the solution containing amino acids, and intermediate and severe with low-glucose and high-glucose solutions, respectively. Both controls and rabbits dialyzed with amino acid solution showed flat continuous mesothelium; rabbits dialyzed with low-glucose solution showed cubic continuous mesothelium; and rabbits dialyzed with high-glucose solution showed cubic discontinuous mesothelium. Cytopathic mesothelial effects were slight with the solution containing amino acids and severe with both the low- and high-glucose solutions. Duplication and thickening of mesothelial basement membrane were never observed. (2) Submesothelial edema showed a worsening trend from controls to rabbits dialyzed with solution containing amino acids, low glucose, and high glucose. (3) No difference in submesothelial infiltration was found between groups. ( 4) Submesothelial fibrosis was never observed. (5) Vascular alterations were never observed. Conclusion: These results are evidence that PD solution with amino acids is more biocompatible than high- and also low-glucose solutions.
Garosi, G., Gaggiotti, E., Monaci, G., Brardi, S., Dipaolo, N. (1998). Biocompatibility of a peritoneal dialysis solution with amino acids: Histological evaluation in the rabbit. PERITONEAL DIALYSIS INTERNATIONAL, 18(6), 610-619.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
PeritDialInt1998.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: PDF editoriale
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 979.19 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
979.19 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/1216102