Contraction of striated muscle is triggered by a massive release of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) into the cytoplasm. This intracellular calcium release is initiated by membrane depolarization, which is sensed by voltage-gated calcium channels CaV1.1 (in skeletal muscle) and CaV1.2 (in cardiac muscle) in the plasma membrane (PM), which in turn activate the calcium-releasing channel ryanodine receptor (RyR) embedded in the SR membrane. This cross-communication between channels in the PM and in the SR happens at specialized regions, the SR-PM junctions, where these two compartments come in close proximity. Junctophilin1 and Junctophilin2 are responsible for the formation and stabilization of SR-PM junctions in striated muscle and actively participate in the recruitment of the two essential players in intracellular calcium release, CaV and RyR. This short review focuses on the roles of junctophilins1 and 2 in the formation and organization of SR-PM junctions in skeletal and cardiac muscle and on the functional consequences of the absence or malfunction of these proteins in striated muscle in light of recently published data and recent advancements in protein structure prediction.

Perni, S. (2022). The Builders of the Junction: Roles of Junctophilin1 and Junctophilin2 in the Assembly of the Sarcoplasmic Reticulum–Plasma Membrane Junctions in Striated Muscle. BIOMOLECULES, 12(1) [10.3390/biom12010109].

The Builders of the Junction: Roles of Junctophilin1 and Junctophilin2 in the Assembly of the Sarcoplasmic Reticulum–Plasma Membrane Junctions in Striated Muscle

Perni, S.
2022

Abstract

Contraction of striated muscle is triggered by a massive release of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) into the cytoplasm. This intracellular calcium release is initiated by membrane depolarization, which is sensed by voltage-gated calcium channels CaV1.1 (in skeletal muscle) and CaV1.2 (in cardiac muscle) in the plasma membrane (PM), which in turn activate the calcium-releasing channel ryanodine receptor (RyR) embedded in the SR membrane. This cross-communication between channels in the PM and in the SR happens at specialized regions, the SR-PM junctions, where these two compartments come in close proximity. Junctophilin1 and Junctophilin2 are responsible for the formation and stabilization of SR-PM junctions in striated muscle and actively participate in the recruitment of the two essential players in intracellular calcium release, CaV and RyR. This short review focuses on the roles of junctophilins1 and 2 in the formation and organization of SR-PM junctions in skeletal and cardiac muscle and on the functional consequences of the absence or malfunction of these proteins in striated muscle in light of recently published data and recent advancements in protein structure prediction.
Perni, S. (2022). The Builders of the Junction: Roles of Junctophilin1 and Junctophilin2 in the Assembly of the Sarcoplasmic Reticulum–Plasma Membrane Junctions in Striated Muscle. BIOMOLECULES, 12(1) [10.3390/biom12010109].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/1215861