Few studies evaluated long-term effects of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) microplastics (MPs) ingestion in fish. The present study aimed to investigate the integrated biomarker responses in the liver and blood of 162 European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax, exposed for 90 days to control, virgin and marine incubated PVC enriched diets (0.1 % w/w) under controlled laboratory condition. Enzymatic and tissue alterations, oxidative stress, gene expression alterations and genotoxicity were exam-ined. Additives and environmental contaminants levels in PVC-MPs, control feed matrices and in seabass muscles were also detected. The results showed that the chronic exposure at environmentally realistic PVC-MPs concentrations in seabass, cause early warning signs of toxicological harm in liver by induction of oxidative stress, the histopathological alterations and also by the modulation of the Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) and Estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha) genes expression. A trend of increase of DNA alterations and the observation of some neoformations attributable to lipomas suggest also genotoxic and cancerogenic effects of PVC. This investigation provides important data to understand the regulatory biological processes affected by PVC -MPs ingestion in marine organisms and may also support the interpretation of results provided by studies on wild species.

Pedà, C., Romeo, T., Panti, C., Caliani, I., Casini, S., Marsili, L., et al. (2022). Integrated biomarker responses in European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758) chronically exposed to PVC microplastics. JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, 438 [10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.129488].

Integrated biomarker responses in European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758) chronically exposed to PVC microplastics

Pedà, Cristina;Romeo, Teresa;Panti, Cristina;Caliani, Ilaria;Casini, Silvia;Marsili, Letizia;Campani, Tommaso;Baini, Matteo;Limonta, Giacomo;de Rysky, Erica;Fossi, Maria Cristina
2022

Abstract

Few studies evaluated long-term effects of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) microplastics (MPs) ingestion in fish. The present study aimed to investigate the integrated biomarker responses in the liver and blood of 162 European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax, exposed for 90 days to control, virgin and marine incubated PVC enriched diets (0.1 % w/w) under controlled laboratory condition. Enzymatic and tissue alterations, oxidative stress, gene expression alterations and genotoxicity were exam-ined. Additives and environmental contaminants levels in PVC-MPs, control feed matrices and in seabass muscles were also detected. The results showed that the chronic exposure at environmentally realistic PVC-MPs concentrations in seabass, cause early warning signs of toxicological harm in liver by induction of oxidative stress, the histopathological alterations and also by the modulation of the Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) and Estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha) genes expression. A trend of increase of DNA alterations and the observation of some neoformations attributable to lipomas suggest also genotoxic and cancerogenic effects of PVC. This investigation provides important data to understand the regulatory biological processes affected by PVC -MPs ingestion in marine organisms and may also support the interpretation of results provided by studies on wild species.
Pedà, C., Romeo, T., Panti, C., Caliani, I., Casini, S., Marsili, L., et al. (2022). Integrated biomarker responses in European seabass Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758) chronically exposed to PVC microplastics. JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, 438 [10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.129488].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/1214914