Fluids play an important role in seismic faulting both at hypocentral depths during earthquake nucleation and at shallower crustal levels during rupture propagation. Pre- to co-seismic anomalies of crustal fluid circulation have been identified by hydrogeochemical and seismological monitoring and interpreted as potential precursors of strong earthquakes. To shed light on the role of fluids in seismic and precursory mechanisms, the active carbonate-hosted principal slip zone (7-8 cm thick) of the exhumed (exhumation < 3 km) normal Mt. Morrone Fault (central Apennines) has been investigated with a multi-disciplinary approach from the macro- to the nano-scale. The distal slip zone consists of white cementitious calcite-rich bands and red cataclastic bands composed of dolomite and calcite clasts embedded in a clay-rich matrix. The proximal slip zone consists of subparallel ultracataclastic layers separated by sharp slip surfaces. The ultracataclastic layers mutually inject/overprint, bearing evidence of granular fluidization, dolomite thermal decomposition, and clay amorphization. Fluid inclusions and the distribution of both trace and major elements reveal the inflow of both shallow and deep external fluids into the slip zone. Presumably, the deep fluids originated from a magmatic-like source and ascended along the fault during pre-seismic dilation and seismic ruptures, interacting with shallow phyllosilicate-rich flysch deposits and the fluids hosted within them. In this context, vanadium-rich fluidized microlayers along the exhumed Mt. Morrone Fault are reminiscent of vanadium-rich potential hydrogeochemical precursors arose in the shallow aquifers of the study area since a few months before the 2016 M-w 6.0 Amatrice earthquake. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Coppola, M., Correale, A., Barberio, M.D., Billi, A., Cavallo, A., Fondriest, M., et al. (2021). Meso-to nano-scale evidence of fluid-assisted co-seismic slip along the normal Mt. Morrone Fault, Italy: Implications for earthquake hydrogeochemical precursors. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 568 [10.1016/j.epsl.2021.117010].

Meso-to nano-scale evidence of fluid-assisted co-seismic slip along the normal Mt. Morrone Fault, Italy: Implications for earthquake hydrogeochemical precursors

Viti, C.;
2021

Abstract

Fluids play an important role in seismic faulting both at hypocentral depths during earthquake nucleation and at shallower crustal levels during rupture propagation. Pre- to co-seismic anomalies of crustal fluid circulation have been identified by hydrogeochemical and seismological monitoring and interpreted as potential precursors of strong earthquakes. To shed light on the role of fluids in seismic and precursory mechanisms, the active carbonate-hosted principal slip zone (7-8 cm thick) of the exhumed (exhumation < 3 km) normal Mt. Morrone Fault (central Apennines) has been investigated with a multi-disciplinary approach from the macro- to the nano-scale. The distal slip zone consists of white cementitious calcite-rich bands and red cataclastic bands composed of dolomite and calcite clasts embedded in a clay-rich matrix. The proximal slip zone consists of subparallel ultracataclastic layers separated by sharp slip surfaces. The ultracataclastic layers mutually inject/overprint, bearing evidence of granular fluidization, dolomite thermal decomposition, and clay amorphization. Fluid inclusions and the distribution of both trace and major elements reveal the inflow of both shallow and deep external fluids into the slip zone. Presumably, the deep fluids originated from a magmatic-like source and ascended along the fault during pre-seismic dilation and seismic ruptures, interacting with shallow phyllosilicate-rich flysch deposits and the fluids hosted within them. In this context, vanadium-rich fluidized microlayers along the exhumed Mt. Morrone Fault are reminiscent of vanadium-rich potential hydrogeochemical precursors arose in the shallow aquifers of the study area since a few months before the 2016 M-w 6.0 Amatrice earthquake. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Coppola, M., Correale, A., Barberio, M.D., Billi, A., Cavallo, A., Fondriest, M., et al. (2021). Meso-to nano-scale evidence of fluid-assisted co-seismic slip along the normal Mt. Morrone Fault, Italy: Implications for earthquake hydrogeochemical precursors. EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, 568 [10.1016/j.epsl.2021.117010].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/1214295