Introduction: ILDs are a varied group of diffuse parenchymal lung diseases associated with high morbidity and mortality. Current treatments can only slow their progression but not cure the disease. Other treatments such as oxygen therapy can also be used as support. We know very little about the effects of oxygen therapy on patients with ILDs. The aim of this study was to collect data from the literature in order to determine whether oxygen therapy can actually decrease the mortality rate or whether it is only suitable for supportive therapy for patients with ILDs. Methods: We reviewed the literature since 2010 on oxygen therapy during exercise in patients with ILDs. Studies that used cardio-pulmonary tests were excluded. We only reviewed those that used the 6 min walking test (6MWT) or the free walking test. We located 11 relevant articles. Results: All the articles except a Japanese study showed an augmentation in oxyhaemoglobin saturation during exercise when oxygen was supplied. A 2018 study called AmbOx provided important data on the effects of oxygen therapy during daily activities, showing significant improvements in quality of life. Conclusions: This review showed that the literature on the benefits of oxygen therapy in patients with ILDs does not provide sufficient evidence to draft specific guidelines. It was not possible to conclude whether oxygen therapy has an effect on mortality or can only play a supportive role.

Viani, M., Ventura, V., Bianchi, F., D'Alessandro, M., Bergantini, L., Sestini, P., et al. (2022). Oxygen Therapy during Exercise in Patients with Interstitial Lung Diseases. BIOMOLECULES, 12(5), 717 [10.3390/biom12050717].

Oxygen Therapy during Exercise in Patients with Interstitial Lung Diseases

Viani, Magda;Ventura, Vittoria;Bianchi, Francesco;d'Alessandro, Miriana;Bergantini, Laura;Sestini, Piersante;Bargagli, Elena
2022

Abstract

Introduction: ILDs are a varied group of diffuse parenchymal lung diseases associated with high morbidity and mortality. Current treatments can only slow their progression but not cure the disease. Other treatments such as oxygen therapy can also be used as support. We know very little about the effects of oxygen therapy on patients with ILDs. The aim of this study was to collect data from the literature in order to determine whether oxygen therapy can actually decrease the mortality rate or whether it is only suitable for supportive therapy for patients with ILDs. Methods: We reviewed the literature since 2010 on oxygen therapy during exercise in patients with ILDs. Studies that used cardio-pulmonary tests were excluded. We only reviewed those that used the 6 min walking test (6MWT) or the free walking test. We located 11 relevant articles. Results: All the articles except a Japanese study showed an augmentation in oxyhaemoglobin saturation during exercise when oxygen was supplied. A 2018 study called AmbOx provided important data on the effects of oxygen therapy during daily activities, showing significant improvements in quality of life. Conclusions: This review showed that the literature on the benefits of oxygen therapy in patients with ILDs does not provide sufficient evidence to draft specific guidelines. It was not possible to conclude whether oxygen therapy has an effect on mortality or can only play a supportive role.
Viani, M., Ventura, V., Bianchi, F., D'Alessandro, M., Bergantini, L., Sestini, P., et al. (2022). Oxygen Therapy during Exercise in Patients with Interstitial Lung Diseases. BIOMOLECULES, 12(5), 717 [10.3390/biom12050717].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1212276
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