Future climate scenarios suggest that crop plants will experience environmental changes capable of affecting their productivity. Among the most harmful environmental stresses is drought, defined as a total or partial lack of water availability. It is essential to study and understand both the damage caused by drought on crop plants and the mechanisms implemented to tolerate the stress. In this study, we focused on four cultivars of tomato, an economically important crop in the Mediterranean basin. We investigated the biochemical mechanisms of plant defense against drought by focusing on proteins specifically involved in this stress, such as osmotin, dehydrin, and aquaporin, and on proteins involved in the general stress response, such as HSP70 and cyclophilins. Since sugars are also known to act as osmoprotectants in plant cells, proteins involved in sugar metabolism (such as RuBisCO and sucrose synthase) were also analyzed. The results show crucial differences in biochemical behavior among the selected cultivars and highlight that the most tolerant tomato cultivars adopt quite specific biochemical strategies such as different accumulations of aquaporins and osmotins. The data set also suggests that RuBisCO isoforms and aquaporins can be used as markers of tolerance/susceptibility to drought stress and be used to select tomato cultivars within breeding programs.

Conti, V., Cantini, C., Romi, M., Cesare, M.M., Parrotta, L., Del Duca, S., et al. (2022). Distinct Tomato Cultivars Are Characterized by a Differential Pattern of Biochemical Responses to Drought Stress. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 23(10) [10.3390/ijms23105412].

Distinct Tomato Cultivars Are Characterized by a Differential Pattern of Biochemical Responses to Drought Stress

Conti, Veronica;Romi, Marco;Cesare, Maria Michela;Parrotta, Luigi;Cai, Giampiero
2022-01-01

Abstract

Future climate scenarios suggest that crop plants will experience environmental changes capable of affecting their productivity. Among the most harmful environmental stresses is drought, defined as a total or partial lack of water availability. It is essential to study and understand both the damage caused by drought on crop plants and the mechanisms implemented to tolerate the stress. In this study, we focused on four cultivars of tomato, an economically important crop in the Mediterranean basin. We investigated the biochemical mechanisms of plant defense against drought by focusing on proteins specifically involved in this stress, such as osmotin, dehydrin, and aquaporin, and on proteins involved in the general stress response, such as HSP70 and cyclophilins. Since sugars are also known to act as osmoprotectants in plant cells, proteins involved in sugar metabolism (such as RuBisCO and sucrose synthase) were also analyzed. The results show crucial differences in biochemical behavior among the selected cultivars and highlight that the most tolerant tomato cultivars adopt quite specific biochemical strategies such as different accumulations of aquaporins and osmotins. The data set also suggests that RuBisCO isoforms and aquaporins can be used as markers of tolerance/susceptibility to drought stress and be used to select tomato cultivars within breeding programs.
Conti, V., Cantini, C., Romi, M., Cesare, M.M., Parrotta, L., Del Duca, S., et al. (2022). Distinct Tomato Cultivars Are Characterized by a Differential Pattern of Biochemical Responses to Drought Stress. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 23(10) [10.3390/ijms23105412].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1208144