The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a novel buffered riboflavin solution approved for corneal cross-linking (CXL) in progressive keratoconus and sec-ondary corneal ectasia. Following the in vivo preclinical study performed on New Zealand rabbits comparing the novel 0.25% riboflavin solution (Safecross®) containing 1% hydroxypropyl methyl-cellulose (HPMC) with a 0.25% riboflavin solution containing 0.10% EDTA, accelerated epithelium-off CXL was performed on 10 patients (10 eyes treated, with the contralateral eye used as control) through UV-A at a power setting of 9 mW/cm2 with a total dose of 5.4 J/cm2. Re-epithelialization was evaluated in the postoperative 7 days by fluorescein dye test at biomicroscopy; endothelial cell count and morphology (ECD) were analyzed by specular microscopy at the 1st and 6th month of follow-up and demarcation line depth (DLD) measured by anterior segment optical coherence to-mography (AS-OCT) one month after the treatment. We observed complete re-epithelization in all eyes between 72 and 96 h after surgery (88 h on average). ECD and morphology remained un-changed in all eyes. DLD was detected at a mean depth of 362 ± 50 µm, 20% over solutions with equivalent dosage. SafeCross® riboflavin solution chemically-boosted corneal cross-linking seems to optimize CXL oxidative reaction by higher superoxide anion release, improving DLD by a factor of 20%, without adverse events for corneal endothelium.

Mazzotta, C., Ferrise, M., Gabriele, G., Gennaro, P., Meduri, A. (2021). Chemically-boosted corneal cross-linking for the treatment of keratoconus through a riboflavin 0.25% optimized solution with high superoxide anion release. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, 10(6), 1-14 [10.3390/jcm10061324].

Chemically-boosted corneal cross-linking for the treatment of keratoconus through a riboflavin 0.25% optimized solution with high superoxide anion release

Mazzotta C.;Gabriele G.;Gennaro P.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a novel buffered riboflavin solution approved for corneal cross-linking (CXL) in progressive keratoconus and sec-ondary corneal ectasia. Following the in vivo preclinical study performed on New Zealand rabbits comparing the novel 0.25% riboflavin solution (Safecross®) containing 1% hydroxypropyl methyl-cellulose (HPMC) with a 0.25% riboflavin solution containing 0.10% EDTA, accelerated epithelium-off CXL was performed on 10 patients (10 eyes treated, with the contralateral eye used as control) through UV-A at a power setting of 9 mW/cm2 with a total dose of 5.4 J/cm2. Re-epithelialization was evaluated in the postoperative 7 days by fluorescein dye test at biomicroscopy; endothelial cell count and morphology (ECD) were analyzed by specular microscopy at the 1st and 6th month of follow-up and demarcation line depth (DLD) measured by anterior segment optical coherence to-mography (AS-OCT) one month after the treatment. We observed complete re-epithelization in all eyes between 72 and 96 h after surgery (88 h on average). ECD and morphology remained un-changed in all eyes. DLD was detected at a mean depth of 362 ± 50 µm, 20% over solutions with equivalent dosage. SafeCross® riboflavin solution chemically-boosted corneal cross-linking seems to optimize CXL oxidative reaction by higher superoxide anion release, improving DLD by a factor of 20%, without adverse events for corneal endothelium.
Mazzotta, C., Ferrise, M., Gabriele, G., Gennaro, P., Meduri, A. (2021). Chemically-boosted corneal cross-linking for the treatment of keratoconus through a riboflavin 0.25% optimized solution with high superoxide anion release. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, 10(6), 1-14 [10.3390/jcm10061324].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1178101