Endothelial cell migration is essential to angiogenesis, enabling the outgrowth of new blood vessels both in physiological and pathological contexts. Migration requires the activation of several signaling pathways, the elucidation of which expands the opportunity to develop new drugs to be used in antiangiogenic therapy. In the proliferating endothelium, the interaction between the transmembrane glycoprotein CD93 and the extracellular matrix activates signaling pathways that regulate cell adhesion, migration, and vascular maturation. Here we identify a pathway, comprising CD93, the adaptor proteins Cbl and Crk, and the small GTPases Rac1, Cdc42, and RhoA, which we propose acts as a regulator of cytoskeletal movements responsible for endothelial cell migration. In this framework, phosphorylation of Cbl on tyrosine 774 leads to the interaction with Crk, which acts as a downstream integrator in the CD93-mediated signaling regulating cell polarity and migration. Moreover, confocal microscopy analyses of GTPase biosensors show that CD93 drives coordinated activation of Rho-proteins at the cell edge of migratory endothelial cells. In conclusion, together with the demonstration of the key contribution of CD93 to the migratory process in living cells, these findings suggest that the signaling triggered by CD93 converges to the activation and modulation of the Rho GTPase signaling pathways regulating cell dynamics.

Barbera, S., Lugano, R., Pedalina, A., Mongiat, M., Santucci, A., Tosi, G.M., et al. (2021). The C-type lectin CD93 controls endothelial cell migration via activation of the Rho family of small GTPases. MATRIX BIOLOGY, 99, 1-17 [10.1016/j.matbio.2021.05.006].

The C-type lectin CD93 controls endothelial cell migration via activation of the Rho family of small GTPases

Barbera S.
Investigation
;
Pedalina A.
Methodology
;
Santucci A.
Funding Acquisition
;
Tosi G. M.
Funding Acquisition
;
Galvagni F.
Validation
;
Orlandini M.
Supervision
2021-01-01

Abstract

Endothelial cell migration is essential to angiogenesis, enabling the outgrowth of new blood vessels both in physiological and pathological contexts. Migration requires the activation of several signaling pathways, the elucidation of which expands the opportunity to develop new drugs to be used in antiangiogenic therapy. In the proliferating endothelium, the interaction between the transmembrane glycoprotein CD93 and the extracellular matrix activates signaling pathways that regulate cell adhesion, migration, and vascular maturation. Here we identify a pathway, comprising CD93, the adaptor proteins Cbl and Crk, and the small GTPases Rac1, Cdc42, and RhoA, which we propose acts as a regulator of cytoskeletal movements responsible for endothelial cell migration. In this framework, phosphorylation of Cbl on tyrosine 774 leads to the interaction with Crk, which acts as a downstream integrator in the CD93-mediated signaling regulating cell polarity and migration. Moreover, confocal microscopy analyses of GTPase biosensors show that CD93 drives coordinated activation of Rho-proteins at the cell edge of migratory endothelial cells. In conclusion, together with the demonstration of the key contribution of CD93 to the migratory process in living cells, these findings suggest that the signaling triggered by CD93 converges to the activation and modulation of the Rho GTPase signaling pathways regulating cell dynamics.
Barbera, S., Lugano, R., Pedalina, A., Mongiat, M., Santucci, A., Tosi, G.M., et al. (2021). The C-type lectin CD93 controls endothelial cell migration via activation of the Rho family of small GTPases. MATRIX BIOLOGY, 99, 1-17 [10.1016/j.matbio.2021.05.006].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1149008