Background: Knowledge concerning the predictors of social security benefits and the proportion of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients receiving these benefits is very limited. Objective: To estimate the likelihood of receiving social security benefits for Italian MS patients. Methods: From September 2014 to November 2015, we interviewed MS outpatients from two Italian MS clinics to collect information regarding their personal data, clinical and working history, and access to social security benefits. We performed both univariate and multivariable analyses to evaluate the predictors for receiving social security benefits. Results: We interviewed 297 patients, with a mean age of 49.5 (± 10.7) years; 71.4% were females. About 73% of patients had a relapsing-remitting (RR) course and the median EDSS score was 2.5 (IQR 1.5–6). About 75% of MS patients received a full exemption from co-payments, while the proportions of people who enjoyed each of the other social security benefits were lower, ranging from 8.8% (car adaptation) to 32% (disable badge). At multivariable analysis, the probability of obtaining each of the benefits was significantly associated with the EDSS score: walking aids (OR 3.9), care allowance (OR 3.6), disabled badge (OR 2.4), exemption from co-payment (OR 1.6) and allowed off work permit (OR 1.7). Only the probability of obtaining an allowed off work permit was also influenced by comorbidities (OR 2.9) and a higher education (OR 2.2). Conclusion: Except for full exemption from co-payments, the proportions of MS patients who enjoyed social security benefits seem to be limited in our study sample. The EDSS score is the strongest predictor of the probability of receiving all the benefits. Only a small proportion of patients received care allowance and working permits, probably because such benefits are only granted to people with a high level of disability. On the other hand, the low proportion of patients who enjoyed fiscal benefits for home and car adaptations could have been influenced by the way such benefits are granted in our country.

Bo, M., Charrier, L., Bartalini, S., Benvenuti, M., Oggero, A., Ulivelli, M., et al. (2018). Access to social security benefits among multiple sclerosis patients in Italy: A cross-sectional study. MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS AND RELATED DISORDERS, 24, 107-112 [10.1016/j.msard.2018.06.016].

Access to social security benefits among multiple sclerosis patients in Italy: A cross-sectional study

Bartalini S.;Ulivelli M.;Gabbrielli M.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Background: Knowledge concerning the predictors of social security benefits and the proportion of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients receiving these benefits is very limited. Objective: To estimate the likelihood of receiving social security benefits for Italian MS patients. Methods: From September 2014 to November 2015, we interviewed MS outpatients from two Italian MS clinics to collect information regarding their personal data, clinical and working history, and access to social security benefits. We performed both univariate and multivariable analyses to evaluate the predictors for receiving social security benefits. Results: We interviewed 297 patients, with a mean age of 49.5 (± 10.7) years; 71.4% were females. About 73% of patients had a relapsing-remitting (RR) course and the median EDSS score was 2.5 (IQR 1.5–6). About 75% of MS patients received a full exemption from co-payments, while the proportions of people who enjoyed each of the other social security benefits were lower, ranging from 8.8% (car adaptation) to 32% (disable badge). At multivariable analysis, the probability of obtaining each of the benefits was significantly associated with the EDSS score: walking aids (OR 3.9), care allowance (OR 3.6), disabled badge (OR 2.4), exemption from co-payment (OR 1.6) and allowed off work permit (OR 1.7). Only the probability of obtaining an allowed off work permit was also influenced by comorbidities (OR 2.9) and a higher education (OR 2.2). Conclusion: Except for full exemption from co-payments, the proportions of MS patients who enjoyed social security benefits seem to be limited in our study sample. The EDSS score is the strongest predictor of the probability of receiving all the benefits. Only a small proportion of patients received care allowance and working permits, probably because such benefits are only granted to people with a high level of disability. On the other hand, the low proportion of patients who enjoyed fiscal benefits for home and car adaptations could have been influenced by the way such benefits are granted in our country.
Bo, M., Charrier, L., Bartalini, S., Benvenuti, M., Oggero, A., Ulivelli, M., et al. (2018). Access to social security benefits among multiple sclerosis patients in Italy: A cross-sectional study. MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS AND RELATED DISORDERS, 24, 107-112 [10.1016/j.msard.2018.06.016].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1134707