The current study was designed to determine the relative distribution of decreases of N-acetylasparate (NAA), a marker of axonal damage, between lesions and normal-appearing white matter of patients with established multiple sclerosis and to test for associations between changes in the ratio of NAA to creatine/phosphocreatine (NAA:Cr) in those compartments and changes in disability. Data were collected from a 30-month longitudinal study of 28 patients with either a relapsing course with partial remissons and no progression between attacks (relapsing/remitting) (11 patients) or a course of progressively increasing disability, following a period of relapsing/remitting disease (secondary progressive) (17 patients). Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) and conventional MRI examinations were performed at 6-8-month intervals with concurrent clinical assessments of disability. General linear models were used to test associations between MRSI, MRI, lesion volume and clinical data. Analysis confirmed that the NAA:Cr ratio is lower in lesions than in the normal-appearing white matter (-15.3% in relapsing/remitting multiple sclerosis and -8.8% in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis). The lower NAA:Cr ratio per unit lesion volume previously observed for secondary progressive relative to relapsing/remitting patients was found to result from a lower ratio (8.2%, P < 0.01) in the normal-appearing white matter rather than from any differences within lesions. The importance of changes in the normal-appearing white matter was emphasized further with the observation that the NAA:Cr ratio in the normal-appearing white matter accounted for most of the observed 15.6% (P < 0.001) decrease in the NAA:Cr ratio in the brains of relapsing/remitting patients over the period of study. The decrease in the NAA:Cr ratio in normal-appearing white matter correlated strongly (P < 0.001) with changes in disability in the relapsing/remitting subgroup. These results add to data suggesting that axonal damage or loss may be responsible for functional impairments in multiple sclerosis. The accumulation of secondary axonal damage in the normal-appearing white matter may be of particular significance for understanding chronic disability in this disease.
Fu, L., Matthews, P.m., DE STEFANO, N., Worsley, K.j., Narayanan, S., Francis, G.s., et al. (1998). Imaging axonal damage of normal-appearing white matter in multiple sclerosis. BRAIN, 121(1), 103-113 [10.1093/brain/121.1.103].
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|Titolo:||Imaging axonal damage of normal-appearing white matter in multiple sclerosis.|
|Citazione:||Fu, L., Matthews, P.m., DE STEFANO, N., Worsley, K.j., Narayanan, S., Francis, G.s., et al. (1998). Imaging axonal damage of normal-appearing white matter in multiple sclerosis. BRAIN, 121(1), 103-113 [10.1093/brain/121.1.103].|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|