According to the World Health Organization, the entire African continent is at risk of a Zika outbreak. To increase data availability on the epidemiology of Zika virus circulation in Africa, we evaluated the immunity to Zika virus in a selected cohort of subjects from West Africa between 2007 and 2012. Human serum samples were collected in 2007 and in 2011/2012 from a cohort of 2-29-year-old subjects from Mali, Senegal, and The Gambia. A sample that tested positive by Zika virus IgG ELISA and by Zika virus microneutralization test was defined as positive. In 2007, the highest prevalence was 21.9%, found in Senegal among 18-29-year-old subjects. In 2011/2012, the highest prevalence, 22.7%, was found still in Senegal, but in 11-17-year-old subjects. During both study periods, the lowest prevalence was found in Mali, where few positive cases were found only in 18-29-year-old subjects. The Gambia showed an intermediate prevalence. In the three countries, prevalence was strongly associated with increasing age. This study contributes to understanding Zika virus circulation within three different ecological and demographic contexts with scarce or no data currently available. Results showed that Zika virus circulated actively inWest Africa between the period 2007 and 2011/2012, but with some geographic specificity.

Marchi, S., Viviani, S., Montomoli, E., Tang, Y., Boccuto, A., Vicenti, I., et al. (2020). Zika virus in west africa: A seroepidemiological study between 2007 and 2012. VIRUSES, 12(6), 641-650 [10.3390/v12060641].

Zika virus in west africa: A seroepidemiological study between 2007 and 2012

Marchi S.;Montomoli E.;Boccuto A.;Vicenti I.;Zazzi M.;Trombetta C. M.
2020-01-01

Abstract

According to the World Health Organization, the entire African continent is at risk of a Zika outbreak. To increase data availability on the epidemiology of Zika virus circulation in Africa, we evaluated the immunity to Zika virus in a selected cohort of subjects from West Africa between 2007 and 2012. Human serum samples were collected in 2007 and in 2011/2012 from a cohort of 2-29-year-old subjects from Mali, Senegal, and The Gambia. A sample that tested positive by Zika virus IgG ELISA and by Zika virus microneutralization test was defined as positive. In 2007, the highest prevalence was 21.9%, found in Senegal among 18-29-year-old subjects. In 2011/2012, the highest prevalence, 22.7%, was found still in Senegal, but in 11-17-year-old subjects. During both study periods, the lowest prevalence was found in Mali, where few positive cases were found only in 18-29-year-old subjects. The Gambia showed an intermediate prevalence. In the three countries, prevalence was strongly associated with increasing age. This study contributes to understanding Zika virus circulation within three different ecological and demographic contexts with scarce or no data currently available. Results showed that Zika virus circulated actively inWest Africa between the period 2007 and 2011/2012, but with some geographic specificity.
Marchi, S., Viviani, S., Montomoli, E., Tang, Y., Boccuto, A., Vicenti, I., et al. (2020). Zika virus in west africa: A seroepidemiological study between 2007 and 2012. VIRUSES, 12(6), 641-650 [10.3390/v12060641].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1117254
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