Calsequestrin (CASQ) is the most abundant Ca2+ binding protein localized in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of skeletal and cardiac muscle. The genome of vertebrates contains two genes, CASQ1 and CASQ2. CASQ1 and CASQ2 have a high level of homology, but show specific patterns of expression. Fast-twitch skeletal muscle fibers express only CASQ1, both CASQ1 and CASQ2 are present in slow-twitch skeletal muscle fibers, while CASQ2 is the only protein present in cardiomyocytes. Depending on the intraluminal SR Ca2+ levels, CASQ monomers assemble to form large polymers, which increase their Ca2+ binding ability. CASQ interacts with triadin and junctin, two additional SR proteins which contribute to localize CASQ to the junctional region of the SR (j-SR) and also modulate CASQ ability to polymerize into large macromolecular complexes. In addition to its ability to bind Ca2+ in the SR, CASQ appears also to be able to contribute to regulation of Ca2+ homeostasis in muscle cells. Both CASQ1 and CASQ2 are able to either activate and inhibit the ryanodine receptors (RyRs) calcium release channels, likely through their interactions with junctin and triadin. Additional evidence indicates that CASQ1 contributes to regulate the mechanism of store operated calcium entry in skeletal muscle via a direct interaction with the Stromal Interaction Molecule 1 (STIM1). Mutations in CASQ2 and CASQ1 have been identified, respectively, in patients with catecholamine-induced polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and in patients with some forms of myopathy. This review will highlight recent developments in understanding CASQ1 and CASQ2 in health and diseases.

Rossi, D., Gamberucci, A., Pierantozzi, E., Amato, C., Migliore, L., Sorrentino, V. (2021). Calsequestrin, a key protein in striated muscle health and disease. JOURNAL OF MUSCLE RESEARCH AND CELL MOTILITY, 42(2), 267-279 [10.1007/s10974-020-09583-6].

Calsequestrin, a key protein in striated muscle health and disease

Rossi, D.;Gamberucci, A.;Pierantozzi, E.;Amato, C.;Migliore, L.;Sorrentino, V.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Calsequestrin (CASQ) is the most abundant Ca2+ binding protein localized in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of skeletal and cardiac muscle. The genome of vertebrates contains two genes, CASQ1 and CASQ2. CASQ1 and CASQ2 have a high level of homology, but show specific patterns of expression. Fast-twitch skeletal muscle fibers express only CASQ1, both CASQ1 and CASQ2 are present in slow-twitch skeletal muscle fibers, while CASQ2 is the only protein present in cardiomyocytes. Depending on the intraluminal SR Ca2+ levels, CASQ monomers assemble to form large polymers, which increase their Ca2+ binding ability. CASQ interacts with triadin and junctin, two additional SR proteins which contribute to localize CASQ to the junctional region of the SR (j-SR) and also modulate CASQ ability to polymerize into large macromolecular complexes. In addition to its ability to bind Ca2+ in the SR, CASQ appears also to be able to contribute to regulation of Ca2+ homeostasis in muscle cells. Both CASQ1 and CASQ2 are able to either activate and inhibit the ryanodine receptors (RyRs) calcium release channels, likely through their interactions with junctin and triadin. Additional evidence indicates that CASQ1 contributes to regulate the mechanism of store operated calcium entry in skeletal muscle via a direct interaction with the Stromal Interaction Molecule 1 (STIM1). Mutations in CASQ2 and CASQ1 have been identified, respectively, in patients with catecholamine-induced polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and in patients with some forms of myopathy. This review will highlight recent developments in understanding CASQ1 and CASQ2 in health and diseases.
Rossi, D., Gamberucci, A., Pierantozzi, E., Amato, C., Migliore, L., Sorrentino, V. (2021). Calsequestrin, a key protein in striated muscle health and disease. JOURNAL OF MUSCLE RESEARCH AND CELL MOTILITY, 42(2), 267-279 [10.1007/s10974-020-09583-6].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1111254