In Krabbe disease, a mutation in GALC gene causes widespread demyelination determining cell death by apoptosis, mainly in oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells. Less is known on the molecular mechanisms induced by this deficiency. Here, we report an impairment in protein synthesis and degradation and in proteasomal clearance with a potential accumulation of the misfolded proteins and induction of the endoplasmic reticulum stress in the brain of 6-day-old twitcher mice (TM) (model of Krabbe disease). In particular, an imbalance of the immunoproteasome function was highlighted,useful for shaping adaptive immune response by neurological cells. Moreover, our data show an involvement of cytoskeleton remodeling in Krabbe pathogenesis, with a lamin meshwork disaggregation in twitcher oligodendrocytes in 6-day-old TM. This study provides interesting protein targets and mechanistic insight on the early onset of Krabbe disease that may be promising options to be tested in combination with currently available therapies to rescue Krabbe phenotype.

Landi, C., Luddi, A., Bianchi, L., Pannuzzo, G., Pavone, V., Piomboni, P., et al. (2020). Proteostasis network alteration in lysosomal storage disorders: Insights from the mouse model of Krabbe disease. JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH, 98(4), 718-733 [10.1002/jnr.24558].

Proteostasis network alteration in lysosomal storage disorders: Insights from the mouse model of Krabbe disease

Landi, Claudia;Luddi, Alice
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Bianchi, Laura
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pavone, Valentina
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Piomboni, Paola
;
Bini, Luca
Membro del Collaboration Group
2020-01-01

Abstract

In Krabbe disease, a mutation in GALC gene causes widespread demyelination determining cell death by apoptosis, mainly in oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells. Less is known on the molecular mechanisms induced by this deficiency. Here, we report an impairment in protein synthesis and degradation and in proteasomal clearance with a potential accumulation of the misfolded proteins and induction of the endoplasmic reticulum stress in the brain of 6-day-old twitcher mice (TM) (model of Krabbe disease). In particular, an imbalance of the immunoproteasome function was highlighted,useful for shaping adaptive immune response by neurological cells. Moreover, our data show an involvement of cytoskeleton remodeling in Krabbe pathogenesis, with a lamin meshwork disaggregation in twitcher oligodendrocytes in 6-day-old TM. This study provides interesting protein targets and mechanistic insight on the early onset of Krabbe disease that may be promising options to be tested in combination with currently available therapies to rescue Krabbe phenotype.
Landi, C., Luddi, A., Bianchi, L., Pannuzzo, G., Pavone, V., Piomboni, P., et al. (2020). Proteostasis network alteration in lysosomal storage disorders: Insights from the mouse model of Krabbe disease. JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH, 98(4), 718-733 [10.1002/jnr.24558].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1107416
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