Hypoxia occurs in physiological and pathological conditions. T cells experience hypoxia in pathological and physiological conditions as well as in lymphoid organs. Indeed, hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) affects T cell survival and functions. Rai, an Shc family protein member, exerts pro-survival effects in hypoxic neuroblastoma cells. Since Rai is also expressed in T cells, we here investigated its role in hypoxic T cells. In this work, hypoxia differently affected cell survival, proapoptotic, and metabolic programs in T cells, depending upon Rai expression. By using Jurkat cells stably expressing Rai and splenocytes from Rai−/−mice, we demonstrated that Rai promotes T cell survival and affects cell metabolism under hypoxia. Upon exposure to hypoxia, Jurkat T cells expressing Rai show (a) higher HIF-1α protein levels; (b) a decreased cell death and increased Akt/extracellular-signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation; (c) a decreased expression of proapoptotic markers, including caspase activities and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage; (d) an increased glucose and lactate metabolism; (e) an increased activation of nuclear factor-kB pathway. The opposite effects were observed in hypoxic splenocytes from Rai−/−mice. Thus, Rai plays an important role in hypoxic signaling and may be relevant in the protection of T cells against hypoxia.
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|Titolo:||The Shc protein Rai enhances T-cell survival under hypoxia|
|Citazione:||Criscuoli, M., Ulivieri, C., Filippi, I., Monaci, S., Guerrini, G., Crifo, B., et al. (2020). The Shc protein Rai enhances T-cell survival under hypoxia. JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|