After the invention of the balloon catheter by Fogarty in 1963, surgical thromboembolectomy was considered the gold standard treatment for many years in patients with acute lower limb ischemia (ALLI). ALLI is a dramatic event, carrying a high risk of amputation and perioperative morbidity and mortality. The evolution of endovascular technologies has resulted in a variety of therapeutic options to establish arterial patency. In the 1970s, Dotter first introduced the idea of clot lysis in the treatment of ALLI, which was modified to catheter-directed thrombolysis, and now clot aspiration techniques. Currently, the majority of ALLI (about 70%) is arterial thrombosis, which generally occurs in the setting of preexisting vascular lesion. This condition is very common in patients with diabetes. Clinical presentation in case of thrombosis on atherosclerotic stenosis (so called "acute on chronic ischemia") may be less severe, but treatment is generally more challenging than ALLI due to embolism, considering the complexity in device trackability through the diseased vessels, potential vessel injury, incomplete revascularization, and need of correction of underlying vascular lesions. Although surgery is still a treatment option, especially for ALLI, endovascular interventions have assumed a prominent role in restoring limb perfusion. In this review, the treatment options for ALLI are detailed from surgical thromboembolectomy to thrombolysis and current endovascular techniques, including mechanical fragmentation, rheolytic thrombectomy, and aspiration thrombectomy. The evolution to endovascular therapies has resulted in improved clinical outcomes and lower rates of morbidity.

de Donato, G., Pasqui, E., Setacci, F., Palasciano, G., Nigi, L., Fondelli, C., et al. (2018). Acute on chronic limb ischemia: From surgical embolectomy and thrombolysis to endovascular options. SEMINARS IN VASCULAR SURGERY, 31(2-4), 66-75 [10.1053/j.semvascsurg.2018.12.008].

Acute on chronic limb ischemia: From surgical embolectomy and thrombolysis to endovascular options

de Donato G.
;
PASQUI, EDOARDO;Setacci F.;Palasciano G.;Nigi L.;Fondelli C.;Dotta F.;Setacci C.
2018-01-01

Abstract

After the invention of the balloon catheter by Fogarty in 1963, surgical thromboembolectomy was considered the gold standard treatment for many years in patients with acute lower limb ischemia (ALLI). ALLI is a dramatic event, carrying a high risk of amputation and perioperative morbidity and mortality. The evolution of endovascular technologies has resulted in a variety of therapeutic options to establish arterial patency. In the 1970s, Dotter first introduced the idea of clot lysis in the treatment of ALLI, which was modified to catheter-directed thrombolysis, and now clot aspiration techniques. Currently, the majority of ALLI (about 70%) is arterial thrombosis, which generally occurs in the setting of preexisting vascular lesion. This condition is very common in patients with diabetes. Clinical presentation in case of thrombosis on atherosclerotic stenosis (so called "acute on chronic ischemia") may be less severe, but treatment is generally more challenging than ALLI due to embolism, considering the complexity in device trackability through the diseased vessels, potential vessel injury, incomplete revascularization, and need of correction of underlying vascular lesions. Although surgery is still a treatment option, especially for ALLI, endovascular interventions have assumed a prominent role in restoring limb perfusion. In this review, the treatment options for ALLI are detailed from surgical thromboembolectomy to thrombolysis and current endovascular techniques, including mechanical fragmentation, rheolytic thrombectomy, and aspiration thrombectomy. The evolution to endovascular therapies has resulted in improved clinical outcomes and lower rates of morbidity.
de Donato, G., Pasqui, E., Setacci, F., Palasciano, G., Nigi, L., Fondelli, C., et al. (2018). Acute on chronic limb ischemia: From surgical embolectomy and thrombolysis to endovascular options. SEMINARS IN VASCULAR SURGERY, 31(2-4), 66-75 [10.1053/j.semvascsurg.2018.12.008].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1081926