The difficult differential diagnosis between the diffuse variants of cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia (CLH; synonym; pseudolymphoma) and malignant follicular center cell lymphomas (FCCL) often requires a multidisciplinary approach. Eighteen CLH and 11 FCCL, diagnosed by conventional histology and immunophenotyping and subsequently examined with a polymerase chain reaction to show clonal immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene rearrangements, were subjected to a novel type of automated nuclear image analysis. Of all nuclear parameters tested in azure A-stained semithin sections, the mean nuclear profile area (TN) of lymphoid cells was the best criterion to distinguish between CLH and FCCL (p = 9 x 10-6). Additional distinctive features, in the order of decreasing significance, were the SD of TN; all chromatin textural parameters combined; and the light and the dark fractions of the central nuclear profile areas. Parameters related to the chromatin pattern were independent of nuclear profile size in FCCL, but not in CLH. Two lesions registered as CLH displayed the nuclear characteristics favoring this diagnosis, but showed B-cell monoclonality at the DNA level. In conclusion, computerized nuclear image analysis is a helpful additional diagnostic tool in the evaluation of diffuse CLH and cutaneous FCCL.

Spina, D., Miracco, C., Santopietro, R., Sforza, V., Leoncini, L., Pacenti, L., et al. (1993). Distinction between diffuse cutaneous malignant follicular center cell lymphoma and lymphoid hyperplasia by computerized nuclear image analysis. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOPATHOLOGY, 15(5), 415-422 [10.1097/00000372-199310000-00001].

Distinction between diffuse cutaneous malignant follicular center cell lymphoma and lymphoid hyperplasia by computerized nuclear image analysis

Spina D.;Miracco C.;Sforza V.;Leoncini L.;Pacenti L.;Lio R.;Luzi P.;Tosi P.;
1993-01-01

Abstract

The difficult differential diagnosis between the diffuse variants of cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia (CLH; synonym; pseudolymphoma) and malignant follicular center cell lymphomas (FCCL) often requires a multidisciplinary approach. Eighteen CLH and 11 FCCL, diagnosed by conventional histology and immunophenotyping and subsequently examined with a polymerase chain reaction to show clonal immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene rearrangements, were subjected to a novel type of automated nuclear image analysis. Of all nuclear parameters tested in azure A-stained semithin sections, the mean nuclear profile area (TN) of lymphoid cells was the best criterion to distinguish between CLH and FCCL (p = 9 x 10-6). Additional distinctive features, in the order of decreasing significance, were the SD of TN; all chromatin textural parameters combined; and the light and the dark fractions of the central nuclear profile areas. Parameters related to the chromatin pattern were independent of nuclear profile size in FCCL, but not in CLH. Two lesions registered as CLH displayed the nuclear characteristics favoring this diagnosis, but showed B-cell monoclonality at the DNA level. In conclusion, computerized nuclear image analysis is a helpful additional diagnostic tool in the evaluation of diffuse CLH and cutaneous FCCL.
Spina, D., Miracco, C., Santopietro, R., Sforza, V., Leoncini, L., Pacenti, L., et al. (1993). Distinction between diffuse cutaneous malignant follicular center cell lymphoma and lymphoid hyperplasia by computerized nuclear image analysis. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOPATHOLOGY, 15(5), 415-422 [10.1097/00000372-199310000-00001].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1076825