This paper shows that a shift towards a more centralized school system can benefit countries characterized by poor levels of human capital and large regional disparities in education. In 1911, Italy moved from a fully decentralized primary-school system towards centralisation through the Daneo-Credaro Reform. The Reform design allows us to compare treated municipalities with provincial and district capitals, which retained school autonomy. Our quasi-experiment, based on Propensity Score Matching (PSM), shows that centralisation substantially increased the pace of human capital accumulation. Treated municipalities were characterized by a 0.43 percentage-point premium on the average annual growth of literacy between 1911 and 1921. We discuss some of the channels through which the new legislation affected primary schooling and literacy, with important implications for long-term economic growth.
|Titolo:||Can school centralization foster human capital accumulation? A quasi-experiment from early twentieth-century Italy|
CAPPELLI, GABRIELE (Corresponding)
|Citazione:||CAPPELLI, G., & VASTA, M. (2020). Can school centralization foster human capital accumulation? A quasi-experiment from early twentieth-century Italy. THE ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW, 73(1), 159-184.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|