In this paper, the gas sensing properties of metal oxide nano-powder composites are studied and modeled. The gas sensing properties of mixtures of two different metal oxide nanoparticles, prepared via low-cost routes, are investigated. The responses to both an oxidizing (NO 2 ) and a reducing gas (CO) are analyzed. The tested composites are obtained by mixing a different percentage of a p-type metal oxide, Co 3 O 4 , with moderate responses to NO 2 at about 200 ◦ C and to CO at high temperature (above 260 ◦ C), with n-type Al-doped ZnO, which is characterized by a large but unstable response towards NO 2 around 160 ◦ C and a moderate response towards CO around 200 ◦ C. In the oxides mixtures, p-n heterojunctions are formed by the juxtaposition of an n-type and a p-type grain in contact. Consequently, the electronic conductivity is modified and the obtained composite materials show novel characteristics with respect to the base materials. This indicates that predicting the behavior of the composites from those of their components is not possible and it suggests that the hetero-junction behavior has to be studied to understand the sensing properties of the composite materials. The obtained results indicate that the composites containing a significant amount of hetero-junctions exhibit a stable response to NO 2 at room temperature and significant responses towards CO at 160 ◦ C.
|Titolo:||Co 3 O 4 /Al-ZnO nano-composites: Gas sensing properties|
|Citazione:||Fort, A., Panzardi, E., Vignoli, V., Hjiri, M., Aida, M.S., Mugnaini, M., et al. (2019). Co 3 O 4 /Al-ZnO nano-composites: Gas sensing properties. SENSORS, 19(4).|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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