In this paper, a pervasive monitoring system to be deployed in underground environments is presented. The system has been specifically designed for the so-called “Bottini”, i.e., the medieval aqueducts dug beneath the Centre of Siena, Italy. The results of a measurement campaign carried out in the deployment scenario show that the transmission range of LoRa (Long Range) technology is limited to a maximum of 200 m, thus, making the adoption of a classical star topology impossible. Hence, a Linear Sensor Network topology is proposed based on multi-hop LoRa chain-type communications. In this scenario, an ad-hoc transmission scheme is presented that optimally evaluates the wake-up time of all nodes with the aim of minimizing the average energy dissipation deriving from clock offsets. Numerical results show that the proposed wake-up time optimization leads in the best case to a 50% reduction in power dissipation with respect to a scheme that evaluates the wake-up time in a non-optimal way.
|Titolo:||A multi-hop lora linear sensor network for the monitoring of underground environments: The case of the medieval aqueducts in Siena, Italy|
|Citazione:||Abrardo, A., & Pozzebon, A. (2019). A multi-hop lora linear sensor network for the monitoring of underground environments: The case of the medieval aqueducts in Siena, Italy. SENSORS, 19(2).|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|