Aims: The aim of our study was to assess the clinical significance of the exercise stress testing endpoints, namely 85% of maximal theoretical heart rate (MTHR), metabolic equivalent of task, and rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and their relation to electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in a healthy adult population. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 408 males and 52 females (mean age 39.4 ± 8.6 years) who performed the maximal cycle ergometer exercise stress test until volitional exhaustion, reporting the RPE score at 85% of MTHR and at peak exercise. Metabolic equivalents of task were indirectly calculated from the maximum workload and compared with the predicted values. Sitting torso-lead ECG and blood pressure were recorded at rest, during exercise and during recovery. Results: Of 460 participants, 73% exceeded 85% of MTHR. The RPE score represented the overall most significant endpoint of exercise stress testing, with the median value of 17 at peak exercise. ECG events were detected in 23/124 (18.5%) who reached ≤ 85% of MTHR and in 61/336 (18.2%) who achieved >85% of MTHR (p = 0.92). In the latter group, 54% of ECG changes occurred at < 85% of MTHR and 46% at > 85% of MTHR (p = 0.51). If the exercise stress testing had been interrupted at ≤ 85% of MTHR, almost half of the ECG events would have remained undetected and 35% of the cardiovascular abnormalities observed at the diagnostic follow-up would have remained undiagnosed. Conclusion: Terminating exercise stress testing before volitional exhaustion and an RPE score of 17 limits the test accuracy and reduces the possibility to detect cardiovascular abnormalities in apparently healthy adult populations.
|Titolo:||Exercise stress test in apparently healthy individuals − where to place the finish line? The Ferrari corporate wellness programme experience|
|Citazione:||Sirico, F., Fernando, F., Di Paolo, F., Adami, P.E., Signorello, M.G., Sannino, G., et al. (2019). Exercise stress test in apparently healthy individuals − where to place the finish line? The Ferrari corporate wellness programme experience. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE CARDIOLOGY, 26(7), 731-738.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|