Background: Prevalence of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors has been poorly explored in subjects regularly engaged in high-intensity exercise programmes. Our aim was, therefore, to assess the prevalence and distribution of CV risk factors in a large population of competitive athletes, to derive the characteristics of athlete's lifestyle associated with the best CV profile. Methods: 1058 Olympic athletes (656 males, 402 females), consecutively evaluated in the period 2014-2016, represent the study population. Prevalence and distribution of CV risk factors was assessed, in relation to age, body size and sport. Findings: Dyslipidemia was the most common risk (32%), followed by increased waist circumference (25%), positive family history (18%), smoking habit (8%), hypertension (3.8%) and hyperglycaemia (0.3%). Large subset of athletes (418, 40%) had none or 1 (414, 39%) risk factor, while only a few (39, 3.7%) had 3/4 CV risk factors. The group without risks largely comprised endurance athletes (34%). Ageing was associated with higher total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides (p<0.001) and glycaemia (p=0.002) and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, age, BMI and body fat were identified as independent predictors of increased CV risk. Interpretation: Dyslipidemia and increased waist circumference are common in elite athletes (32% and 25%, respectively). A large proportion (40%) of athletes, mostly endurance, are totally free from risk factors. Only a minority (3%) presents a high CV risk, largely expression of lifestyle and related to modifiable CV risk factors.
|Titolo:||Cardiovascular risk profile in Olympic athletes: An unexpected and underestimated risk scenario|
|Citazione:||D'Ascenzi, F., Caselli, S., Alvino, F., Digiacinto, B., Lemme, E., Piepoli, M., et al. (2019). Cardiovascular risk profile in Olympic athletes: An unexpected and underestimated risk scenario. BRITISH JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE, 53(1), 37-42.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|