Neurotrophins and their receptors are known to play a role in the proliferation and survival of many different cell types of neuronal and non-neuronal lineages. In addition, there is much evidence in the literature showing that the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR), alone or in association with members of the family of Trk receptors, is expressed in a wide variety of stem cells, although its role in such cells has not been completely elucidated. In the present work we have investigated the expression of p75NTR and Trks in totipotent and pluripotent cells, the mouse pre-implantation embryo and embryonic stem and germ cells (ES and EG cells). p75NTR and TrkA can be first detected in the blastocyst from which ES cell lines are derived. Mouse ES cells retain p75NTR/TrkA expression. Nerve growth factor is the only neurotrophin able to stimulate ES cell growth in culture, without affecting the expression of stem cell markers, alkaline phosphatase, Oct4 and Nanog. Such proliferation effect was blocked by antagonizing either p75NTR or TrkA. Interestingly, immunoreactivity to anti-p75NTR antibodies is lost upon ES cell differentiation. The expression pattern of neurotrophin receptors in murine ES cells differs from human ES cells, that only express TrkB and C, and do not respond to NGF. In this paper we also show that, while primordial germ cells (PGC) do not express p75NTR, when they are made to revert to an ES-like phenotype, becoming EG cells, expression of p75NTR is turned on. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||p75 neurotrophin receptor is involved in proliferation of undifferentiated mouse embryonic stem cells|
|Citazione:||Moscatelli, I., Pierantozzi, E., Camaioni, A., Siracusa, G., & Campagnolo, L. (2009). p75 neurotrophin receptor is involved in proliferation of undifferentiated mouse embryonic stem cells. EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 315(18), 3220-3232.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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