A standardized commercially available immunoassay is not available for detection of IgM antibodies against hepatitis C virus antigens (IgM anti-HCV). Therefore, different ''in-house'' enzyme immunoassays have been assessed. These assays vary greatly in sensitivity, but specificity seems satisfactory in all of them. A typical IgM antibody response to HCV antigens is usually found in nearly all patients with acute hepatitis C. This antibody response rarely precedes the appearance of IgG anti-HCV, and it persists for a few months at high titer. Low titers of IgM anti-HCV are detectable in 50-80% of cases with chronic hepatitis C. IgM anti-HCV reactivity is typically found during acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis C. Furthermore, many patients with chronic active hepatitis C without acute exacerbation also have IgM anti-HCV. In these patients a correlation exists between the titer of IgM anti-HCV and the biochemical parameters of liver disease. When alpha interferon therapy induces a sustained remission of liver disease activity, positivity for IgM anti-HCV disappears in more than 70% of cases. In contrast, patients who do not respond to therapy rarely loose IgM anti-HCV. In conclusion, serum IgM antibodies to HCV antigens are reliable markers of active HCV-induced liver disease both in acute and in chronic HCV infection.
|Titolo:||Serum IgM antibodies to hepatitis C virus in acute and chronic hepatitis C|
BRILLANTI, STEFANO (Corresponding)
|Citazione:||Brillanti, S., Masci, C., Miglioli, M., & Barbara, L. (1993). Serum IgM antibodies to hepatitis C virus in acute and chronic hepatitis C. ARCHIVES OF VIROLOGY. SUPPLEMENTUM, 8, 213-218.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|