Laccase-like multicopper oxidases (LMCOs) are versatile enzymes used as biocatalysts performing the oxidation of different substrates of industrial relevance, with or without the intervention of a mediator. They have attracted a lot of interest for biotechnological applications in light of their ecofriendliness: they indeed oxidize the substrate(s) by coupling the four electron reduction of the final acceptor, molecular oxygen (O2), to water. Plant LMCOs represent a still poorly studied, important class of oxidoreductases controlling e.g. the post-harvest quality of fruits and enabling the tailoring of designer energy crops. We here sought to identify the LMCOs in Prunus avium L., whose fruits are rich in bioactive molecules, but are also highly perishable. The goal was to analyze them using bioinformatics (phylogenetic and in silico structural analyses) and to perform a targeted expression study on a subset of genes in six ancient varieties from Tuscany, all threatened by genetic erosion. These sweet cherry varieties contain higher amount of bioactive molecules, as compared to commercial counterparts. The results shown demonstrate strikingly different gene expression patterns in the six ancient varieties (‘Benedetta’, ‘Carlotta’, ‘Crognola’, ‘Maggiola’, ‘Morellona’, ‘Moscatella’) belonging to the Tuscan Regional Bank of Germplasm, as compared to a widely used commercial one (‘Durone’). The motivation of this study is the economic importance of P. avium and the involvement of LMCOs in post-harvest fruit parameters, like color. The results presented pave the way to follow-up researches on LMCOs of sweet cherry exploring post-harvest fruit parameters (e.g. anthocyanin stability responsible for pericarp browning and the preservation of the appealing red color), as well as developmental processes, like stony pit formation.
|Titolo:||Identification of the laccase-like multicopper oxidase gene family of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) and expression analysis in six ancient Tuscan varieties|
CAI, GIAMPIERO (Corresponding)
|Citazione:||Berni, R., Piasecki, E., Legay, S., Hausman, J., Siddiqui, K.S., Cai, G., et al. (2019). Identification of the laccase-like multicopper oxidase gene family of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) and expression analysis in six ancient Tuscan varieties. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 9, 1-14.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|