Abstract PURPOSE: In laboratory studies electromotive mitomycin C (MMC) demonstrated markedly increased transport rates compared with passive transport. We performed a prospective study in patients with high risk superficial bladder cancer to assess the efficacy of intravesical electromotive vs passive MMC using bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) as a comparative treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following transurethral resection and multiple biopsies 108 patients with multifocal Tis, including 98 with T1 tumors, were randomized into 3 equal groups of 36 each who underwent 40 mg electromotive MMC instillation with 20 mA electric current for 30 minutes, 40 mg passive MMC with a dwell time of 60 minutes or 81 mg BCG with a dwell time of 120 minutes. Patients were scheduled for an initial 6 weekly treatments, a further 6 weekly treatments for nonresponders and a followup 10 monthly treatments for responders. Primary end points were the complete response rate at 3 and 6 months. MMC pharmacokinetics were assessed. RESULTS: The complete response for electromotive vs passive MMC at 3 and 6 months was 53% versus 28% (p = 0.036) and 58% versus 31% (p = 0.012). For BCG the responses were 56% and 64%. Median time to recurrence was 35 vs 19.5 months (p = 0.013) and for BCG it was 26 months. Peak plasma MMC was significantly higher following electromotive MMC than after MMC (43 vs 8 ng/ml), consistent with bladder content absorption. CONCLUSIONS: Intravesical electromotive administration increases bladder uptake of MMC, resulting in an improved response rate in cases of high risk superficial bladder cancer.
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|Titolo:||Intravesical electromotive Mitomycin C versus passive transport mitomycin C for high risk superficial bladder cancer: a prospective randomized study|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|