Avenanthramides (Avns), polyphenols found exclusively in oats, are emerging as promising therapeutic candidates for the treatment of several human diseases, including colon cancer. By engineering a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, we previously produced two novel phenolic compounds, N-(E)-p-coumaroyl-3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (Yeast avenanthramide I, YAvnI) and N-(E)-caffeoyl-3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (Yeast avenanthramide II, YAvnII), which are endowed with a structural similarity to bioactive oat avenanthramides and stronger antioxidant properties. In this study, we evaluated the ability of these yeast-derived recombinant avenanthramides to inhibit major hallmarks of colon cancer cells, including sustained proliferation, migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Using the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line HT29, we compared the impact of YAvns and natural Avns, including Avn-A and Avn-C, on colon cancer cells by performing MTT, clonogenic, adhesion, migration, and anchorage-independent growth assays, and analyzing the expression of EMT markers. We found that both YAvns and Avns were able to inhibit colon cancer cell growth by increasing the expression of p21, p27 and p53 proteins. However, YAvns resulted more effective than natural compounds in inhibiting cancer cell migration and reverting major molecular features of the EMT process, including the down-regulation of E-cadherin mRNA and protein levels.

Finetti, F., Moglia, A., Schiavo, I., Donnini, S., Berta, G.N., Di Scipio, F., et al. (2018). Yeast-derived recombinant avenanthramides inhibit proliferation, migration and epithelial mesenchymal transition of colon cancer cells. NUTRIENTS, 10(9), 1-16 [10.3390/nu10091159].

Yeast-derived recombinant avenanthramides inhibit proliferation, migration and epithelial mesenchymal transition of colon cancer cells

Finetti, Federica;Schiavo, Irene;Donnini, Sandra;Trabalzini, Lorenza;
2018

Abstract

Avenanthramides (Avns), polyphenols found exclusively in oats, are emerging as promising therapeutic candidates for the treatment of several human diseases, including colon cancer. By engineering a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, we previously produced two novel phenolic compounds, N-(E)-p-coumaroyl-3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (Yeast avenanthramide I, YAvnI) and N-(E)-caffeoyl-3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (Yeast avenanthramide II, YAvnII), which are endowed with a structural similarity to bioactive oat avenanthramides and stronger antioxidant properties. In this study, we evaluated the ability of these yeast-derived recombinant avenanthramides to inhibit major hallmarks of colon cancer cells, including sustained proliferation, migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Using the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line HT29, we compared the impact of YAvns and natural Avns, including Avn-A and Avn-C, on colon cancer cells by performing MTT, clonogenic, adhesion, migration, and anchorage-independent growth assays, and analyzing the expression of EMT markers. We found that both YAvns and Avns were able to inhibit colon cancer cell growth by increasing the expression of p21, p27 and p53 proteins. However, YAvns resulted more effective than natural compounds in inhibiting cancer cell migration and reverting major molecular features of the EMT process, including the down-regulation of E-cadherin mRNA and protein levels.
Finetti, F., Moglia, A., Schiavo, I., Donnini, S., Berta, G.N., Di Scipio, F., et al. (2018). Yeast-derived recombinant avenanthramides inhibit proliferation, migration and epithelial mesenchymal transition of colon cancer cells. NUTRIENTS, 10(9), 1-16 [10.3390/nu10091159].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11365/1064026