Screening systems for ecdysteroid mimetic or antiecdysteroid substances in plant extracts or libraries of synthetic compounds are commonly based on the observation of morphological and/or growth responses in insect cell lines. Because these responses are slow and require careful monitoring, existing screening systems are considered limited regarding their applicability to analysis in high-throughput (HT) formats. Here we describe the generation of transformed silkmoth (Bombyx mori) cell lines that respond to the addition of ecdysone-like substances through the expression of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) and the appearance of green fluorescence. Because tests consist of three simple steps, i.e., 1) distribution of transformed cells in microtiter plates; 2) addition of compounds/extracts at different concentrations; and 3) quantification of fluorescence intensity by a fluorescence plate reader, they can be performed quickly and be easily adapted to a HT format. The generated reporter cell lines are used for the screening of extracts from available plant collections for the presence of compounds with ecdysone mimetic or antagonistic activities as well as for monitoring subsequent activity during enrichment and purification steps. The same cell lines are also used here for the determination of structure-activity relationships among available synthetic dibenzoylhydrazine derivatives. Finally, for the identified agonists, we show that their activity as determined by the cell-based screening assays parallels their bioactivity in growth inhibition and toxicity assays carried out on live insects.
|Titolo:||A cell-based high-throughput screening system for detecting ecdysteroid agonists and antagonists in plant extracts and libraries of synthetic compounds|
|Citazione:||Swevers, L., Kravariti, L., Ciolfi, S., Xenou-Kokoletsi, M., Ragoussis, N., Smagghe, G., et al. (2004). A cell-based high-throughput screening system for detecting ecdysteroid agonists and antagonists in plant extracts and libraries of synthetic compounds. FASEB JOURNAL, 18(1), 134-136.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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