Cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes vary their expression depending on the brain area, the cell type, and the presence of drugs. Some isoforms are involved in detoxification and/or toxic activation of xenobiotics in central nervous system. However, their role in brain metabolism and neurodegeneration is still a subject of debate. We have studied the inducibility of CYP isozymes in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, treated with β-naphtoflavone (β-NF) or ethanol (EtOH) as inducers, by qRT-PCR, Western blot (WB), and metabolic activity assays. Immunohistochemistry was used to localize the isoforms in mitochondria and/or endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Tetrazolium (MTT) assay was performed to study the role of CYPs during methylphenyl pyridine (MPP⁺) exposure. EtOH increased mRNA and protein levels of CYP2D6 by 73% and 60% respectively. Both β-NF and EtOH increased CYP2E1 mRNA (4- and 1.4-fold, respectively) and protein levels (64% both). The 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylation and dextromethorphan O-demethylation was greater in treatment samples than in controls. Furthermore, both treatments increased by 22% and 18%, respectively, the cell viability in MPP⁺-treated cells. Finally, CYP2D6 localized at mitochondria and ER. These data indicate that CYP is inducible in SH-SY5Y cells and underline this in vitro system for studying the role of CYPs in neurodegeneration.

Fernandez-Abascal, J., Ripullone, M., Valeri, A., Leone, C., Valoti, M. (2018). β-Naphtoflavone and Ethanol Induce Cytochrome P450 and Protect towards MPP⁺ Toxicity in Human Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y Cells. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 19(11), 1-19 [10.3390/ijms19113369].

β-Naphtoflavone and Ethanol Induce Cytochrome P450 and Protect towards MPP⁺ Toxicity in Human Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y Cells

Fernandez-Abascal, Jesus
;
RIPULLONE, MARIANTONIA
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Valeri, Aurora
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Leone, Cosima
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Valoti, Massimo
Project Administration
2018-01-01

Abstract

Cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes vary their expression depending on the brain area, the cell type, and the presence of drugs. Some isoforms are involved in detoxification and/or toxic activation of xenobiotics in central nervous system. However, their role in brain metabolism and neurodegeneration is still a subject of debate. We have studied the inducibility of CYP isozymes in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, treated with β-naphtoflavone (β-NF) or ethanol (EtOH) as inducers, by qRT-PCR, Western blot (WB), and metabolic activity assays. Immunohistochemistry was used to localize the isoforms in mitochondria and/or endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Tetrazolium (MTT) assay was performed to study the role of CYPs during methylphenyl pyridine (MPP⁺) exposure. EtOH increased mRNA and protein levels of CYP2D6 by 73% and 60% respectively. Both β-NF and EtOH increased CYP2E1 mRNA (4- and 1.4-fold, respectively) and protein levels (64% both). The 7-ethoxycoumarin O-deethylation and dextromethorphan O-demethylation was greater in treatment samples than in controls. Furthermore, both treatments increased by 22% and 18%, respectively, the cell viability in MPP⁺-treated cells. Finally, CYP2D6 localized at mitochondria and ER. These data indicate that CYP is inducible in SH-SY5Y cells and underline this in vitro system for studying the role of CYPs in neurodegeneration.
Fernandez-Abascal, J., Ripullone, M., Valeri, A., Leone, C., Valoti, M. (2018). β-Naphtoflavone and Ethanol Induce Cytochrome P450 and Protect towards MPP⁺ Toxicity in Human Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y Cells. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 19(11), 1-19 [10.3390/ijms19113369].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1062137