Denisovite is a rare mineral occurring as aggregates of fibres typically 200-500 14;nm diameter. It was confirmed as a new mineral in 1984, but important facts about its chemical formula, lattice parameters, symmetry and structure have remained incompletely known since then. Recently obtained results from studies using microprobe analysis, X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), electron crystallography, modelling and Rietveld refinement will be reported. The electron crystallography methods include transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected-Area electron diffraction (SAED), high-Angle annular dark-field imaging (HAADF), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), precession electron diffraction (PED) and electron diffraction tomography (EDT). A structural model of denisovite was developed from HAADF images and later completed on the basis of quasi-kinematic EDT data by ab initio structure solution using direct methods and least-squares refinement. The model was confirmed by Rietveld refinement. The lattice parameters are a = 31.024 14;(1), b = 19.554 14;(1) and c = 7.1441 14;(5) 14;Å, β = 95.99 14;(3)°, V = 4310.1 14;(5) 14;Å3and space group P12/a1. The structure consists of three topologically distinct dreier silicate chains, viz.Two xonotlite-like dreier double chains, [Si6O17]10-, and a tubular loop-branched dreier triple chain, [Si12O30]12-. The silicate chains occur between three walls of edge-sharing (Ca,Na) octahedra. The chains of silicate tetrahedra and the octahedra walls extend parallel to the z axis and form a layer parallel to (100). Water molecules and K+cations are located at the centre of the tubular silicate chain. The latter also occupy positions close to the centres of eight-membered rings in the silicate chains. The silicate chains are geometrically constrained by neighbouring octahedra walls and present an ambiguity with respect to their z position along these walls, with displacements between neighbouring layers being either Δz = c/4 or-c/4. Such behaviour is typical for polytypic sequences and leads to disorder along . In fact, the diffraction pattern does not show any sharp reflections with l odd, but continuous diffuse streaks parallel to ainstead. Only reflections with l even are sharp. The diffuse scattering is caused by (100) nano lamellae separated by stacking faults and twin boundaries. The structure can be described according to the order-disorder (OD) theory as a stacking of layers parallel to (100).
|Titolo:||The structure of denisovite, a fibrous nanocrystalline polytypic disordered 'very complex' silicate, studied by a synergistic multi-disciplinary approach employing methods of electron crystallography and X-ray powder diffraction|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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