Inaperfectlycompetitivelabormarket,wageratesaredeterminedbylabor productivity, so that wage dispersion reflects the marginal contribution to product of the different workers. Accordingly, wage inequality cannot be treated as an independent variable in a model of productivity, and thus economists have paid little attention to this relation. This paper studies the effects of wage inequality on labor productivity. We claim that wage inequality can lead to lower effort among workers who receive lower wages and hence lead in turn to lower aggregate labor productivity because of the lower aggregate effort level. To guide the empirical analysis, we look at aggregate panel data to investigate whether there is a relationship between wage inequality and average labor productivity. We use data for 34 OECD countries in the period 1995–2007, and by allowing country fixed effects, we exploit the longitudinal dimension of the data. We find that large wage inequality is associated with lower labor productivity.
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|Titolo:||On the wage–productivity causal relationship|
|Citazione:||On the wage–productivity causal relationship / Policardo, Laura; Punzo, Lionello F.; Carrera, Edgar J. Sanchez. - ELETTRONICO. - (2018), pp. 15.1-15.15.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|