Introduction: Although differentiation between benign and malignant small renal tumors (<= 4 cm) is still difficult, it is a demand for decision making and determining the treatment strategy. Our aim is to evaluate the role of multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) in the differentiation of small renal clear cell carcinoma (RCC) and renal oncocytoma (RO).Methods: We reviewed triphasic computed tomographic (CT) scans performed in 43 patients diagnosed with RCC (n = 23) and RO (n = 21). After an unenhanced CT phase of the upper abdomen, triple-phase acquisition included a cortico-medullary phase (CMP), a nephrographic phase (NP), and a pyelographic phase (PP), and lesions were evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively.Results: RCCs were hypervascular in 13 cases and hypovascular in 10 cases, while ROs were hypervascular in nine cases and hypovascular in 12 cases. Mean attenuation values (MAVs) for hypervascular RCCs and hypervascular ROs on unenhanced examination were 34.0 +/- 7.1 and 31.3 +/- 8.1 HU, respectively. Enhancement in CMP was 173.1 +/- 45.2 HU for RCCs and 151.1 +/- 36.0 HU for ROs and a gradual wash-out in NP (148.8 +/- 34.3 and 137.1 +/- 33.9 HU for RCCs and ROs, respectively) and in PP (98.2 +/- 36.0 HU for RCCs and 79.4 +/- 21.5 HU for ROs) was observed. MAV for hypovascular RCCs and hypovascular ROs on unenhanced examination were 32.4 +/- 12.0 and 28.9 +/- 8.0 HU, respectively. Both hypovascular RCCs and ROs showed a statistically significant difference in each post contrastographic phase.Conclusions: Absolute attenuation and the quantitative amount of the enhancement were not strong predictors for RO and RCC differentiation.
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|Titolo:||Value of triphasic MDCT in the differentiation of small renal cell carcinoma and oncocytoma|
|Citazione:||Value of triphasic MDCT in the differentiation of small renal cell carcinoma and oncocytoma / Scialpi, Michele; Martorana, Eugenio; Rondoni, Valeria; Eissa, Ahmed; Sherbiny, Ahmed El; Bevilacqua, Luigi; Ros, Luis H; Escartín Martínez, Irene; Milizia, Michele; Manganaro, Lucia; Mazzei, Maria Antonietta; D'Andrea, Alfredo; Bianchi, Giampaolo. - In: UROLOGIA. - ISSN 0391-5603. - STAMPA. - 84:4(2017), pp. 244-250.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|