In this work, we propose a procedure based on principal component analysis on data sets consisting of many horizontal to vertical spectral ratio (HVSR or H/V) curves obtained by single-station ambient vibration acquisitions. This kind of analysis aimed at the seismic characterization of the investigated area by identifying sites characterized by similar HVSR curves. It also allows to extract the typical HVSR patterns of the explored area and to establish their relative importance, providing an estimate of the level of heterogeneity under the seismic point of view. In this way, an automatic explorative seismic characterization of the area becomes possible by only considering ambient vibration data. This also implies that the relevant outcomes can be safely compared with other available information (geological data, borehole measurements, etc.) without any conceptual trade-off. The whole algorithm is remarkably fast: on a common personal computer, the processing time takes few seconds for a data set including 100-200 HVSR measurements. The procedure has been tested in three study areas in the Central-Northern Italy characterized by different geological settings. Outcomes demonstrate that this technique is effective and well correlates with most significant seismostratigraphical heterogeneities present in each of the study areas.
|Titolo:||Application of the principal component analysis (PCA) to HVSR data aimed at the seismic characterization of earthquake prone areas|
PAOLUCCI, ENRICO [Membro del Collaboration Group] (Corresponding)
LUNEDEI, ENRICO [Membro del Collaboration Group]
ALBARELLO, DARIO [Membro del Collaboration Group]
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|