We describe the principle and status of the PVLAS experiment being prepared at the Department of Physics and INFN section in Ferrara, Italy. The goal of the experiment is to measure the· magnetic birefringence of vacuum. This effect is directly connected to the vacuum QED structure and can be detected by measuring the ellipticity acquired by a linearly polarized laser beam traversing a strong magnetic field. Vacuum magnetic birefringence is predicted by the Euler-Heisenberg effective Lagrangian. The experimental method is also sensitive to new physics and could place new laboratory limits to hypothetical particles coupling to two photons, such as axion-like particles, to millicharged particles.
|Titolo:||The PVLAS experiment for measuring the magnetic birefringence of vacuum|
|Citazione:||Zavattini, G., DELLA VALLE, F., Gastaldi, U., Milotti, E., Messineo, G., Pengo, R., et al. (2013). The PVLAS experiment for measuring the magnetic birefringence of vacuum. IL NUOVO CIMENTO C, 36(Gennaio-Febbraio 2013), 41-45.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
File in questo prodotto: