To date, a lack of accurate information about how the different rehabilitation settings are actually delivered to people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) is still present. Here, we described how PwMS use the different rehabilitation settings in Italy. An observational retrospective study was designed and data collected through an anonymous questionnaire distributed attending MS clinical centers, rehabilitation units, or among PwMS affiliated to the Italian MS Society. We considered as settings: out-patient ambulatory therapy (OUT), hospitalized therapy (HOSP, in-patient and out-patient hospitalized therapy), and home-based therapy (HOME). One thousand six hundred eighty-six subjects at all disability levels were included in the analysis. A high number (53%, nÂ =Â 890) did not receive rehabilitation care in the last 3Â months before the interview. Main causes were probably due to organizational aspects and poor transports and road networks especially in Center and the Islands. The rehabilitation setting profile of the 796 subjects obtaining rehabilitation care consisted in 58.3% (nÂ =Â 464) receiving only OUT setting, 9.4% (nÂ =Â 75) only HOSP setting, and 21.7% (nÂ =Â 173) only HOME setting. We observed a percentage of overlap among different rehabilitation settings: 3.9% (nÂ =Â 31) OUT-HOME, 3.6% (nÂ =Â 29) OUT-HOSP, 2.6% (nÂ =Â 21) HOSP-HOME, and 0.4% (nÂ =Â 3) OUT-HOME-HOSP. The physiotherapy was the treatment more common among different rehabilitation settings. Only in the in-patient hospitalized therapy setting, the patient received more frequently diversified treatment. Considering the results, the admission to rehabilitation care in Italy is still far from the standards outlined by the recent guidelines that hypothesize a multidisciplinary evaluation and a more individualized rehabilitation plan.
|Titolo:||Multiple sclerosis and rehabilitation: an overview of the different rehabilitation settings|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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