We present the implementation of the CT iterative reconstruction strategy developed within the SYRMA-CT project for in vivo phase contrast CT of the uncompressed breast, ongoing at the ELETTRA synchrotron radiation facility (Trieste, Italy). Propagation-based phase-contrast imaging exploited the high spatial coherence of the monoenergetic laminar X-ray beam (3-mm high along the chest-wall-to-nipple direction), as well as the large object-to-detector distance (â¼2 m) and the use of a prototype of Pixirad-8 high-resolution photon counting CdTe detector (60-Î¼m pitch, eight detector units arranged in a row). The signal in projection views depends on the X-ray absorption as well as on the phase shift introduced by the breast tissue in the beam path. A phase retrieval algorithm allows recovering the projected 2D phase map of the irradiated tissue layer, which were input to the CT reconstruction; then, the 3D image of the breast was reconstructed via a simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (SART) algorithm. The developed iterative reconstruction - coupled with a filtering process for reducing the noise level and ring artifacts by preserving edges sharpness - showed better image quality than conventional filtered backprojection (FBP) reconstruction. A phantom study showed that the iterative reconstruction produced images with a contrast-to-noise-ratio up to 65% and a spatial resolution up to 12% higher than those obtained with FBP. Finally, the developed algorithm removed ring-like artifacts caused by the detector dead space (0.16 mm) across adjacent detector units and by no perfect equalization after flat-field correction, without worsening the image quality.
|Titolo:||A framework for iterative reconstruction in phase-contrast computed tomography dedicated to the breast|
DELOGU, PASQUALE [Membro del Collaboration Group]
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|
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