Thiol-containing antioxidants such as N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) are known to inhibit apoptosis, although it is unclear whether this effect is direct or mediated through modulation of intracellular glutathione (GSH). In the present study, NAC treatment of the murine T-cell hybridoma DO-11.10 was found to inhibit apoptosis triggered by anti-CD3 antibody but enhance the process when induced by 6-α-methylprednisolone. HPLC measurements showed that these effects were not correlated with the levels of GSH or glutathione disulfide (GSSG) in the cells. Similar effects on DNA fragmentation were obtained when the experiments were repeated in the presence either of a specific inhibitor of GSH biosynthesis (buthionine sulfoximine) or the isomer N-acetyl-d-cysteine which cannot be enzymatically converted into GSH. We conclude that NAC can have divergent effects on apoptosis independent of changes in either the amount or redox state of intracellular GSH. © 1995.

Jones, D.P., Maellaro, E., Jiang, S., Slater, A.F.G., Orrenius, S. (1995). Effects of N-acetyl-l-cysteine on T-cell apoptosis are not mediated by increased cellular glutathione. IMMUNOLOGY LETTERS, 45(3), 205-209 [10.1016/0165-2478(95)00004-O].

Effects of N-acetyl-l-cysteine on T-cell apoptosis are not mediated by increased cellular glutathione

Maellaro, Emilia;
1995-01-01

Abstract

Thiol-containing antioxidants such as N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) are known to inhibit apoptosis, although it is unclear whether this effect is direct or mediated through modulation of intracellular glutathione (GSH). In the present study, NAC treatment of the murine T-cell hybridoma DO-11.10 was found to inhibit apoptosis triggered by anti-CD3 antibody but enhance the process when induced by 6-α-methylprednisolone. HPLC measurements showed that these effects were not correlated with the levels of GSH or glutathione disulfide (GSSG) in the cells. Similar effects on DNA fragmentation were obtained when the experiments were repeated in the presence either of a specific inhibitor of GSH biosynthesis (buthionine sulfoximine) or the isomer N-acetyl-d-cysteine which cannot be enzymatically converted into GSH. We conclude that NAC can have divergent effects on apoptosis independent of changes in either the amount or redox state of intracellular GSH. © 1995.
Jones, D.P., Maellaro, E., Jiang, S., Slater, A.F.G., Orrenius, S. (1995). Effects of N-acetyl-l-cysteine on T-cell apoptosis are not mediated by increased cellular glutathione. IMMUNOLOGY LETTERS, 45(3), 205-209 [10.1016/0165-2478(95)00004-O].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1025199