Background Approximately the 8% of travelers requires medical care, with the diagnosis of a vaccine-preventable disease. The aim of our study was to analyze the socio-demographic, health and travel characteristics of the Italian international travelers. Methods We conducted a cross sectional study from January 2015 to June 2016, at the Travel Medicine Clinic of Siena, asking the doctor to interview patients who attended the Clinic, recording socio-demographic and travel information, malaria prophylaxis, vaccinations. The data were organized in a database and processed by software Stata®. Results We collected 419 questionnaires. Patients chose 71 countries for their travels; the favorite destinations were: India (6.31%), Thailand (6.31%), and Brazil (5.10%). The mean length of stay was 36.17 days. Italians, students, and freelancers tended to stay abroad for a longer time (mean: 36.4 days, 59.87 days and 64.16 days respectively). 33.17% of our sample used drugs for malaria chemoprophylaxis: 71.9% of them used Atovaquone/Proguanil (Malarone®), 26.6% used Mefloquine (Lariam®), 1.5% other drugs. The vaccinations that travelers mostly got in our study were to prevent hepatitis A (n = 264), the typhoid fever (n = 187), the Tetanus + Diphtheria + Pertussis (n = 165), the Yellow fever (n = 118) and the cholera (n = 78). Twenty-eight (6.68%) refused some recommended vaccinations. The vaccines mostly refused were for Typhoid fever (n = 20), hepatitis a (n = 9), and cholera (n = 9). Conclusion Our results demonstrated that Italian international travelers are at-risk because of their poor vaccinations adherence. This implies that pre-travel counseling is fundamental to increase the knowledge of the risks and the compliance of future travelers. © 2016 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Troiano, G., Mercone, A., Bagnoli, A., & Nante, N. (2017). International Travelers’ Sociodemographic, Health, and Travel Characteristics: An Italian Study. ANNALS OF GLOBAL HEALTH, 83(2), 380-385 [10.1016/j.aogh.2016.12.004].
|Titolo:||International Travelers’ Sociodemographic, Health, and Travel Characteristics: An Italian Study|
|Citazione:||Troiano, G., Mercone, A., Bagnoli, A., & Nante, N. (2017). International Travelers’ Sociodemographic, Health, and Travel Characteristics: An Italian Study. ANNALS OF GLOBAL HEALTH, 83(2), 380-385 [10.1016/j.aogh.2016.12.004].|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|