Purpose: This article illustrates the feasibility of MR lymphangiography (MRL) for imaging lymphatic vessels in patients with lymphedema, its accuracy in distinguishing lymphatic vessels from veins, and its utility for planning Lymphaticovenous anastomosis (LVA) treatment. Materials and methods: We prospectively enrolled 30 patients (24 women, range 18–70, 17 cases of lower limb lymphedema, 6 cases of primary lymphedema). All the patients underwent MRL, using a 1.5T MR unit (Signa Twin Speed Hdxt; GE), after the subcutaneous injection of gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) with a little dose of lidocaine into the interdigital webs of the dorsal foot or hand. Lymphatic vessels identified for the LVA at MRL were histologically confirmed after surgery. Enhancement of lymphatic vessels and veins at different times after injection of contrast medium and their diameters were measured. Results: A total of 79 lymphatic vessels were clearly identified in 29 patients at MRL; their morphology was tortuous in 22 patients and rectilinear in 7, whereas, the adjacent veins were straight with focal bulging only at the level of venous valve; the enhancement kinetic of the two different structures were different (p < 0.05) but the mean diameter of affected lymphatic vessels was similar to the adjacent veins (p > 0.05). Thirty-four out of 38 specimens of presumed lymphatic vessels at MRL, collected during surgery, resulted positive at the immunoistochemical marker d2–40, with a significant association (Chi-square = 40.421, DF = 1, p < 0.05, contingency coefficent 0.644). One patient had an early complication 1 month after treatment. Conclusions: MRL is easy and safe to use and combines extensive information on the anatomy and functionality of lymphatic vessels and veins in a single process; therefore, it could be useful in LVA treatment planning and evaluating possible super-microsurgical treatment complications in patients with lymphedema.

Mazzei, M.A., Gentili, F., Mazzei, F.G., Gennaro, P., Guerrieri, D., Nigri, A., et al. (2017). High-resolution MR lymphangiography for planning lymphaticovenous anastomosis treatment: a single-centre experience. LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA, 122(12), 918-927 [10.1007/s11547-017-0795-x].

High-resolution MR lymphangiography for planning lymphaticovenous anastomosis treatment: a single-centre experience

MAZZEI, MARIA ANTONIETTA;GENTILI, FRANCESCO;GENNARO, PAOLO;GABRIELE, GUIDO;WEBER, ELISABETTA;FAUSTO, ALFONSO;BOTTA, GIUSEPPE;VOLTERRANI, LUCA
2017-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: This article illustrates the feasibility of MR lymphangiography (MRL) for imaging lymphatic vessels in patients with lymphedema, its accuracy in distinguishing lymphatic vessels from veins, and its utility for planning Lymphaticovenous anastomosis (LVA) treatment. Materials and methods: We prospectively enrolled 30 patients (24 women, range 18–70, 17 cases of lower limb lymphedema, 6 cases of primary lymphedema). All the patients underwent MRL, using a 1.5T MR unit (Signa Twin Speed Hdxt; GE), after the subcutaneous injection of gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) with a little dose of lidocaine into the interdigital webs of the dorsal foot or hand. Lymphatic vessels identified for the LVA at MRL were histologically confirmed after surgery. Enhancement of lymphatic vessels and veins at different times after injection of contrast medium and their diameters were measured. Results: A total of 79 lymphatic vessels were clearly identified in 29 patients at MRL; their morphology was tortuous in 22 patients and rectilinear in 7, whereas, the adjacent veins were straight with focal bulging only at the level of venous valve; the enhancement kinetic of the two different structures were different (p < 0.05) but the mean diameter of affected lymphatic vessels was similar to the adjacent veins (p > 0.05). Thirty-four out of 38 specimens of presumed lymphatic vessels at MRL, collected during surgery, resulted positive at the immunoistochemical marker d2–40, with a significant association (Chi-square = 40.421, DF = 1, p < 0.05, contingency coefficent 0.644). One patient had an early complication 1 month after treatment. Conclusions: MRL is easy and safe to use and combines extensive information on the anatomy and functionality of lymphatic vessels and veins in a single process; therefore, it could be useful in LVA treatment planning and evaluating possible super-microsurgical treatment complications in patients with lymphedema.
Mazzei, M.A., Gentili, F., Mazzei, F.G., Gennaro, P., Guerrieri, D., Nigri, A., et al. (2017). High-resolution MR lymphangiography for planning lymphaticovenous anastomosis treatment: a single-centre experience. LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA, 122(12), 918-927 [10.1007/s11547-017-0795-x].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11365/1013193