The present study aimed to investigate potential drug interactions between darunavir and raltegravir in patients treated for HIV infection. We enrolled HIV-infected subjects on darunavir-containing regimens that underwent measurement of plasma darunavir trough concentration (12±3 h after dosing). Two groups of patients were compared: those taking darunavir plus a nucleoside/nucleotide backbone (group 1) or a backbone+raltegravir (group 2). Interindividual pharmacokinetic variability was evaluated through the coefficient of variation (CV(inter)). We obtained 156 plasma samples from 63 patients, of which 44 in group 1 and 19 in group 2. Overall, darunavir geometric mean concentration was 2.90 mg/L (95% CI 2.34-3.60) while ritonavir geometric mean concentration was 0.21 mg/L (95% CI 0.17-0.27). We observed a high inter-individual variability in darunavir (CV(inter) 59%) and ritonavir (CV(inter) 103%) plasma levels. Darunavir concentration correlated with concomitant ritonavir levels (r=0.476, p<0.001). Patients in group 1 had a higher darunavir geometric mean concentration than those in group 2 [3.44 mg/L (95% CI 2.79-4.23) versus 1.95 mg/L (95% CI 1.19-3.20), p=0.017]. However, the proportion of subjects with concomitant HIV-RNA <50 copies/mL was higher in group 2 (78.9% versus 47.7%, p=0.028). In a multivariable model, raltegravir co-administration was independently related to a lower darunavir concentration (mean difference -0.25 log(10) mg/L, 95% CI -0.46/-0.04, p=0.020) after adjusting for time from last drug intake and concomitant drugs used. In conclusion, a potential drug interaction between darunavir and raltegravir was observed, although this did not seem virologically significant. For the distinct metabolic pathways of these drugs, its mechanism remains to be determined.
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|Titolo:||Darunavir/ritonavir and raltegravir coadministered in routine clinical practice: potential role for an unexpected drug interaction|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|