Background: The aim of the study was to explore relationships between self-reported adherence, antiretroviral drug concentration measurement (TDM) and self-reported symptoms. Methods: We systematically administered to human immunodefi ciency (HIV)-infected outpatients a questionnaire evaluating measures of self-reported adherence (missing doses during last week, deviations from the prescribed timing of therapy, self-initiated discontinuations for > 24 or 48 h, exhausting drugs and present sense of how patients are taking therapy) and a panel of referred symptoms (a symptom score was built summing self-reported scores for each listed symptom). We selected patients who completed the questionnaire and also had a TDM (mainly reflecting adherence in the past few days or weeks), thus comparing these two tools as measures of adherence. Results: A total of 130 patients (64.6% males, median age 44 years, 76.2% with HIV RNA < 50 copies/ml, median CD4 540 cells/μl) were included. Mean self-reported adherence (on a 0 - 100 visual analogue scale) was 80% (standard deviation, 18.7). Drug concentration was subtherapeutic in 16 patients (12.3%), of which 7 (5.4%) had undetectable drug levels (< 0.05 mg/L). Of these last seven patients, five (71.4%) reported an adherence below 80%. In a multivariable analysis, females and patients with undetectable drug levels (mean change - 18.43%, 95% confidence intervals (CIs) - 31.83 to - 5.03, p = 0.007) showed a lower self-reported adherence, while those with HIV RNA < 50 copies/ml showed a higher adherence. Lower self-reported adherence (odds ratio 0.62 per 10% increase, 95% CI = 0.43 - 0.89, p = 0.009) and longer time from last drug intake were independently related to the development of undetectable drug levels. We also found that a higher symptom score was associated with a lower self-reported adherence and with a higher proportion of undetectable drug levels. Conclusions: Self-reported adherence and TDM showed a correlation and seemed to be comparable tools for adherence estimation. Self-reported symptoms were associated with lower adherence and undetectable drug levels. © 2015 Informa Healthcare.
|Titolo:||Relationship between self-reported adherence, antiretroviral drug concentration measurement and self-reported symptoms in patients treated for HIV-1 infection|
|Citazione:||Fabbiani, M., Di Giambenedetto, S., Cingolani, A., Fanti, I., Colafigli, M., Tamburrini, E., et al. (2016). Relationship between self-reported adherence, antiretroviral drug concentration measurement and self-reported symptoms in patients treated for HIV-1 infection. INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 48(1), 48-55.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
File in questo prodotto:
|Relationship between self-reported adherence-Fabbiani-2016.pdf||PDF editoriale||NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto||Administrator Richiedi una copia|