Purpose: Feto-placental unit represents an important source of activin A, a member of transforming growth factors-β involved in the mechanisms of labor. No evidences are available on activin A in pregnancies beyond 41 weeks of gestation, where induction of labor is often required. The present study aimed to evaluate activin A maternal serum levels and placental mRNA expression in term and late-term pregnancy, with spontaneous or induced labor, and its possible role to predict the response to labor induction. Methods: Maternal serum samples and placental specimens were collected from women with singleton pregnancy admitted for either term spontaneous labor (n = 23) or induction of labor for late-term pregnancy (n = 41), to evaluate activin A serum levels and placental mRNA expression. Univariate and multivariate analyses on activin A serum levels, maternal clinical parameters, and cervical length were conducted in women undergoing induction of labor. Results: Maternal serum activin A levels and placental activin A mRNA expression in late-term pregnancies were significantly higher than at term. Late-term pregnancies who did not respond to induction of labor showed significantly lower levels of activin A compared to responders. The combination of serum activin A and cervical length achieved a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 93.55% for the prediction of successful induction. Conclusion: Late-term pregnancy is characterized by hyperexpression of placental activin A and increased maternal activin A secretion. By combining maternal serum activin A levels with cervical length, a good predictive model for the response to induction of labor was elaborated.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Scheda prodotto in fase di analisi da parte dello staff di validazione
|Titolo:||Placental and maternal serum activin A in spontaneous and induced labor in late-term pregnancy|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
File in questo prodotto: