Penicillin-binding protein 4a (PBP4a) from Bacillus subtilis was overproduced and purified to homogeneity. It clearly exhibits DD-carboxypeptidase and thiolesterase activities in vitro. Although highly isologous to the Actinomadura sp. strain R39 DD-peptidase (B. Granier, C. Duez, S. Lepage, S. Englebert, J. Dusart, O. Dideberg, J. van Beeumen, J. M. Frère, and J. M. Ghuysen, Biochem. J. 282:781-788, 1992), which is rapidly inactivated by many β-lactams, PBP4a is only moderately sensitive to these compounds. The second-order rate constant (k2/K) for the acylation of the essential serine by benzylpenicillin is 300,000 M-1 s-1 for the Actinomadura sp. strain R39 peptidase, 1,400 M-1 s-1 for B. subtilis PBP4a, and 7,000 M-1 s-1 for Escherichia coli PBP4, the third member of this class of PBPs. Cephaloridine, however, efficiently inactivates PBP4a (k2/K = 46,000 M-1 s-1). PBP4a is also much more thermostable than the R39 enzyme.
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|Titolo:||Purification and characterization of PBP4a, a new low-molecular-weight penicillin-binding protein from Bacillus subtilis|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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