Overexpression of CD200, a trans-membrane protein belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily, has been associated with poor prognosis in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). As few data are available in the subset of cytogenetically-normal (CN) AML, we retrospectively evaluated the correlations between CD200 expression and response to therapy in a series of 139 adults with CN-AML. CD200 was expressed in 67/139 (48%) cases; 18 of them (28%) expressed CD200 at high intensity. No differences in CD200 expression rate were observed according to age, WBC count, type of leukemia, FLT3 or NMP1 mutation, and CD56 expression. A higher incidence of CD200 expression was observed in CD34+ cases (P < 0.0001) and in BCL2+ patients (P = 0.04). Complete remission (CR) was evaluable achieved in 98 patients (70%): 56/71 (79%) in CD200- and 47/67 (63%) in CD200+ patients (P = 0.03), with a lower CR rate in patients with high CD200 intensity (9/18, 50%). CD200 expression had a negative impact on long-term outcome. CD200 expression, per se, did not impact on disease-free survival (DFS), but cases with high CD200 expression had a lower 3-year DFS compared to CD200-negative and low-expressing ones (0% vs 65% vs 68%, P = 0.019). Three-year overall survival (OS) was 51% in CD200- and 27% in CD200+ patients (P = 0.01), with a significant difference among cases with low or high CD200 expression (35% vs 0%, P = 0.001). CD200 high expression defined a group with very poor DFS and OS also among the 37 FLT3-/NPM1+: 3-year DFS and OS were 88% and 60% in CD200-, 50% and 32% in CD200 low and 0% and 0% in CD200 high patients, respectively (P = 0.01 for DFS and P = 0.05 for OS). Our data suggest a negative impact of CD200 expression in CN-AML, with a further worsening in high-expressing cases, also in the subset of FLT3-/NPM1+ patients.
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|Titolo:||High CD200 expression is associated with poor prognosis in cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia, even in FlT3-ITD-/NPM1+ patients|
|Citazione:||High CD200 expression is associated with poor prognosis in cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia, even in FlT3-ITD-/NPM1+ patients / Tiribelli, Mario; Raspadori, Donatella; Geromin, Antonella; Cavallin, Margherita; Sirianni, Santina; Simeone, Erica; Bocchia, Monica; Fanin, Renato; Damiani, Daniela. - In: LEUKEMIA RESEARCH. - ISSN 0145-2126. - STAMPA. - 58(2017), pp. 31-38.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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