Current treatment strategies for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) involve a combination of conventional chemotherapeutics, monoclonal antibodies, and targeted signaling inhibitors. However, CLL remains largely incurable, with drug resistance and treatment relapse a common occurrence, leading to the search for novel treatments. Mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR)-specific inhibitors have been previously assessed but their efficacy is limited due to a positive feedback loop via mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2), resulting in activation of prosurvival signaling. In this study, we show that the dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/mTOR inhibitor PF-04691502 does not induce an mTORC2 positive feedback loop similar to other PI3K inhibitors but does induce substantial antitumor effects. PF-04691502 significantly reduced survival coincident with the induction of Noxa and Puma, independently of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region mutational status, CD38, and ZAP-70 expression. PF-04691502 inhibited both anti-immunoglobulin M-induced signaling and overcame stroma-induced survival signals and migratory stimuli from CXCL12. Equivalent in vitro activity was seen in the Em-TCL1 murine model of CLL. In vivo, PF-04691502 treatment of tumor-bearing animals resulted in a transient lymphocytosis, followed by a clear reduction in tumor in the blood, bone marrow, spleen, and lymph nodes. These data indicate that PF-04691502 or other dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitors in development may prove efficacious for the treatment of CLL, increasing our armamentarium to successfully manage this disease.
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|Titolo:||The PI3K/mTOR inhibitor PF-04691502 induces apoptosis and inhibits microenvironmental signaling in CLL and the Eμ-TCL1 mouse model|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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